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How To Interpret These Evaluations

Business and Consumers

2007-2008 American Council of Engineering Companies - Positions 92% 2007-2008 Associated Builders & Contractors - Positions 60% 2007-2008 Associated General Contractors of America - Positions 87% 2007-2008 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 100 2007 Business-Industry Political Action Committee - Positions 92% 2007 TechAmerica - Positions 75% 2007 The National Lumber and Building Material Dealers Association - Positions 100% 2007 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 85% 2006 Business-Industry Political Action Committee - Positions 87% 2006 Consumer Action - Positions 0% 2006 National Stone, Sand & Gravel Association - Positions 91% 2006 State PIRGs Working Together - Positions 18% 2006 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 93% 2006 United States Public Interest Research Group - Positions 18% 2005-2006 American Forest and Paper Association - Positions 100% 2005-2006 Associated General Contractors of America - Positions 100% 2005-2006 International Warehouse Logistics Association - Positions 100% 2005-2006 National Association of Manufacturers - Positions 96% 2005-2006 National Electrical Contractors Association - Positions 88% 2005-2006 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 100% 2005-2006 National Restaurant Association - Positions 90% 2005-2006 National Retail Federation - Positions 75% 2005-2006 National Small Business Association - Positions 88% 2005-2006 Plumbing-Heating-Cooling Contractors-National Association - Positions 90% 2005-2006 Public Citizen's Congress Watch - Positions on Population Stabilization 18% 2005 Business-Industry Political Action Committee - Positions 96% 2005 Maryland Business for Responsive Government - Positions 98% 2005 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 100% 2005 Small Business & Entrepreneurship Council - Positions 88% 2005 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 96% 2004 National Association of Government Contractors - Positions 67% 2004 National Stone, Sand & Gravel Association - Positions 89% 2004 Small Business & Entrepreneurship Council - Positions 87% 2004 State PIRGs Working Together - Positions 0% 2004 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 95% 2004 United States Public Interest Research Group - Positions 0% 2003-2004 American Forest and Paper Association - Positions 91% 2003-2004 Associated Builders & Contractors - Positions 90% 2003-2004 Associated General Contractors of America - Positions 100% 2003-2004 Business-Industry Political Action Committee - Positions 100% 2003-2004 National Association for the Self-Employed - Positions 86% 2003-2004 National Association of Manufacturers - Positions 91% 2003-2004 National Electrical Contractors Association - Positions 77% 2003-2004 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 92% 2003-2004 National Restaurant Association - Positions 100% 2003-2004 National Retail Federation - Positions 100% 2003-2004 National Small Business Association - Positions 91% 2003-2004 Plumbing-Heating-Cooling Contractors-National Association - Positions 90% 2003-2004 Public Citizen's Congress Watch - Positions 0% 2003-2004 United States Business and Industry Council - Positions 80% 2003 Associated Builders & Contractors - Positions 100% 2003 Business-Industry Political Action Committee - Positions 100% 2003 Maryland Business for Responsive Government - Positions 97% 2003 National Association of Government Contractors - Positions 100% 2003 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 100% 2003 National Retail Federation - Positions 100% 2003 Public Citizen's Congress Watch - Positions 0% 2003 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 93% 2003 United States Public Interest Research Group - Positions 5% 2002 National Stone, Sand & Gravel Association - Positions 100% 2002 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 100% 2002 United States Public Interest Research Group - Positions 10% 2001-2002 Associated Builders & Contractors - Positions 100% 2001-2002 Associated General Contractors of America - Positions 100% 2001-2002 Business-Industry Political Action Committee - Positions 100% 2001-2002 National Association for the Self-Employed - Positions 71% 2001-2002 National Association of Manufacturers - Positions 100% 2001-2002 National Electrical Contractors Association - Positions 88% 2001-2002 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 100% 2001-2002 Plumbing-Heating-Cooling Contractors-National Association - Positions 100% 2001-2002 Public Citizen's Congress Watch - Positions 5% 2001-2002 Small Business & Entrepreneurship Council - Positions 100% 2001 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 100% 2001 National Stone, Sand & Gravel Association - Positions 100% 2001 Small Business & Entrepreneurship Council - Positions 100% 2001 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 91% 2001 United States Public Interest Research Group - Positions 15% 2000 Associated Builders & Contractors - Positions 93% 2000 Business-Industry Political Action Committee - Positions 75% 2000 Consumer Federation of America - Positions 67% 2000 Small Business & Entrepreneurship Council - Positions 80% 2000 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 80% 1999-2006 National Ready Mixed Concrete Association - Positions 76% 1999-2004 National Ready Mixed Concrete Association - Positions 60% 1999-2000 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 84% 1999-2000 Public Citizen's Congress Watch - Positions 7% 1999-2000 United States Public Interest Research Group - Positions 5% 1999 Associated Builders & Contractors - Positions 91% 1999 Business-Industry Political Action Committee - Positions 85% 1999 Consumer Federation of America - Positions 17% 1999 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 88% 1999 United States Public Interest Research Group - Positions 25% 1998 Associated Builders & Contractors - Positions 100% 1998 Consumer Federation of America - Positions 0% 1998 Small Business & Entrepreneurship Council - Positions 88% 1998 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 100% 1997-1998 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 100% 1997-1998 Public Citizen's Congress Watch - Positions 0% 1997-1998 United States Public Interest Research Group - Positions 25%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Project Vote Smart displays all known interest group ratings for each candidate and official, regardless of issue or bias.

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.