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How To Interpret These Evaluations

Labor Unions

2012 American Federation of Government Employees - Positions 37 2012 American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) - Lifetime Score 18% 2012 American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) - Positions 35% 2012 International Brotherhood of Boilermakers - Positions 27% 2012 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 14% 2011-2012 American Federation of Teachers - Positions 10% 2011-2012 International Foodservice Distributors Association - Positions (House) 100% 2011-2012 United Food & Commercial Workers - Positions 0% 2011 American Federation of Government Employees - Positions 12% 2011 American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) - Positions 7% 2011 American Federation of State, County & Municipal Employees (AFSCME) - Lifetime Score 0% 2011 American Federation of State, County & Municipal Employees (AFSCME) - Positions 0% 2011 International Brotherhood of Boilermakers - Positions 14% 2006 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 11% 2005-2006 International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers - Positions 17% 2005 American Federation of Government Employees - Positions 8% 2005 American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) - Positions 13% 2005 American Federation of State, County & Municipal Employees (AFSCME) - Positions 13% 2005 International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers - Positions 0% 2005 International Brotherhood of Boilermakers - Positions 25% 2005 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 7% 2005 United Auto Workers - Positions 21% 2005 United Electrical Radio and Machine Workers - Positions 0% 2004 American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) - Positions 27% 2004 American Postal Workers Union - Positions 27% 2004 Communications Workers of America - Positions 0% 2004 International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers - Positions 14% 2004 International Brotherhood of Boilermakers - Positions 12% 2004 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 14% 2004 Transportation Communications Union - Positions 11% 2004 United Auto Workers - Positions 20% 2004 United Electrical Radio and Machine Workers - Positions 17% 2003-2004 American Federation of Government Employees - Positions 0% 2003-2004 American Federation of State, County & Municipal Employees (AFSCME) - Positions 0% 2003-2004 American Road and Transportation Builders Association - Positions 100% 2003-2004 Bakery, Confectionery, Tobacco Workers and Grain Millers - Positions 21% 2003-2004 International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers - Positions 17% 2003-2004 National Farmers Union - Positions 50% 2003 American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) - Positions 7% 2003 American Federation of State, County & Municipal Employees (AFSCME) - Positions 0% 2003 Communications Workers of America - Positions 11% 2003 International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers - Positions 0% 2003 International Brotherhood of Boilermakers - Positions 12% 2003 International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers - Positions 22% 2003 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 0% 2003 Transportation Communications Union - Positions 29% 2003 United Auto Workers - Positions on Workplace Rights 7% 2003 United Electrical Radio and Machine Workers - Positions 0% 2002 American Federation of Government Employees - Positions 0% 2002 American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) - Positions 0% 2002 American Federation of State, County & Municipal Employees (AFSCME) - Positions 0% 2002 Communications Workers of America - Positions 22% 2002 International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers - Positions 0% 2002 International Brotherhood of Boilermakers - Positions 25% 2002 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 0% 2002 Transportation Communications Union - Positions 9% 2002 United Auto Workers - Positions 8% 2002 United Electrical Radio and Machine Workers - Positions 14% 2001-2002 American Postal Workers Union - Positions 13% 2001-2002 International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers - Positions 25% 2001-2002 National Farmers Union - Positions 40% 2001 American Federation of Government Employees - Positions 7% 2001 American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) - Positions 17% 2001 American Federation of State, County & Municipal Employees (AFSCME) - Positions 10% 2001 International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers - Positions 22% 2001 International Brotherhood of Boilermakers - Positions 40% 2001 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 25% 2001 Transportation Communications Union - Positions 43% 2001 United Auto Workers - Positions 15% 2001 United Electrical Radio and Machine Workers - Positions 0% 2001 United Food & Commercial Workers - Positions 0% 2000 American Federation of Government Employees - Positions 9% 2000 American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) - Positions 0% 2000 American Federation of State, County & Municipal Employees (AFSCME) - Positions 0% 2000 Communications Workers of America - Positions 13% 2000 International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers - Positions 20% 2000 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 0% 2000 United Auto Workers - Positions 7% 2000 United Electrical Radio and Machine Workers - Positions 0% 1999-2000 National Farmers Union - Positions 58% 1999 American Federation of Government Employees - Positions 10% 1999 American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) - Positions 7% 1999 American Federation of State, County & Municipal Employees (AFSCME) - Positions 0% 1999 Communications Workers of America - Positions 0% 1999 International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers - Positions 0% 1999 International Brotherhood of Boilermakers - Positions 0% 1999 Transportation Communications Union - Positions 14% 1999 United Auto Workers - Positions 8% 1999 United Electrical Radio and Machine Workers - Positions 0% 1998 American Federation of Government Employees - Positions 33% 1998 Communications Workers of America - Positions 14% 1998 International Brotherhood of Boilermakers - Positions 33% 1998 National Farmers Union - Positions 22% 1998 Transportation Communications Union - Positions 40% 1998 United Auto Workers - Positions 17% 1997-1998 International Brotherhood of Teamsters - Positions 13% 1997 American Federation of Government Employees - Positions 21% 1997 American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) - Positions 0% 1997 American Federation of State, County & Municipal Employees (AFSCME) - Positions 0% 1997 Communications Workers of America - Positions 0% 1997 National Farmers Union - Positions 43% 1997 United Auto Workers - Positions 0% 1997 United Food & Commercial Workers - Positions 0% 1996 American Federation of Government Employees - Positions 10% 1996 American Federation of State, County & Municipal Employees (AFSCME) - Positions 0% 1996 Communications Workers of America - Positions on Workplace Rights 56% 1996 National Farmers Union - Positions 27% 1996 United Auto Workers - Positions on Workplace Rights 0% 1996 United Food & Commercial Workers - Positions 8% 1995 International Brotherhood of Teamsters - Positions 0% 1995 National Farmers Union - Positions 30% 1995 Transportation Communications Union - Positions 0% 1995 United Food & Commercial Workers - Positions on Workplace Rights 0%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Project Vote Smart displays all known interest group ratings for each candidate and official, regardless of issue or bias.

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.