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Mark Sanford, Jr.'s Ratings and Endorsements

Office: U.S. House (SC) - District 1, Republican

Business and Consumers

2015-2016 Associated Builders & Contractors - Positions 100%
2015-2016 National Federation of Independent Business - Pre-Election Report 100%
2015-2016 National Ready Mixed Concrete Association - Positions 80%
2015-2016 National Ready Mixed Concrete Association - Lifetime Scores 80%
2015-2016 Small Business & Entrepreneurship Council - Positions 100%
2015 Associated General Contractors of America - Positions (Lifetime) 72%
2015 National Association of Manufacturers - Positions 80%
2015 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions (Cumulative) 71%
2015 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 67%
2014 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions (Cumulative) 71%
2014 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 50%
2013-2014 American Council of Engineering Companies - Positions 67%
2013-2014 American Forest and Paper Association - Positions 83%
2013-2014 Associated General Contractors of America - Lifetime Scores (Other) 50%
2013-2014 Associated General Contractors of America - Lifetime Scores (Infrastructure) 50%
2013-2014 Associated General Contractors of America - Lifetime Scores (Taxes) 100%
2013-2014 Associated General Contractors of America - Lifetime Scores (Labor) 90%
2013-2014 Associated General Contractors of America - Lifetime Scores 71%
2013-2014 Associated General Contractors of America - Lifetime Scores (Environment) 100%
2013-2014 Associated General Contractors of America - Positions 83%
2013-2014 International Warehouse Logistics Association - Positions 100%
2013-2014 Metals Service Center Institute - Positions 83
2013-2014 National Association of Manufacturers - Positions 92%
2013-2014 National Electrical Contractors Association - Positions (Interim Mid-Year) 56%
2013-2014 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions (113th Congress) 88%
2013-2014 National Retail Federation - Positions: Labor 100%
2013-2014 National Retail Federation - Positions: Budget/Tax 100%
2013-2014 National Retail Federation - Positions: Healthcare (House Only) 100%
2013-2014 National Retail Federation - Positions: Legal Reform (House Only) 100%
2013-2014 National Retail Federation - Lifetime Score: Legal Reform (House Only) 100%
2013-2014 National Small Business Association - Positions 62%
2013-2014 Small Business & Entrepreneurship Council - Positions 94%
2013-2014 The National Lumber and Building Material Dealers Association - Positions (113th Congress, full session) 100%
2013-2014 The National Lumber and Building Material Dealers Association - Positions (113th Congress, first session) 100%
2013 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 80%
2013 The National Lumber and Building Material Dealers Association - Positions 100%
2013 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 78%
2013 United States Chamber of Commerce - Lifetime Score 75%
2012-2013 Metals Service Center Institute - Positions (113th Congress, full session) 80%
2000 Business-Industry Political Action Committee - Positions 81%
2000 Small Business & Entrepreneurship Council - Positions 66%
1999-2000 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 100%
1999-2000 Public Citizen's Congress Watch - Positions 33%
1999-2000 United States Public Interest Research Group - Positions 30%
1999 Associated Builders & Contractors - Positions 83%
1999 Business-Industry Political Action Committee - Positions 78%
1999 Consumer Federation of America - Positions 25%
1999 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 72%
1999 United States Public Interest Research Group - Positions 63%
1998 Associated Builders & Contractors - Positions 64%
1998 Consumer Federation of America - Positions 50%
1998 Small Business & Entrepreneurship Council - Positions 85%
1998 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 71%
1997-1998 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 92%
1997-1998 Public Citizen's Congress Watch - Positions 58%
1997-1998 United States Public Interest Research Group - Positions 63%
1997 Associated Builders & Contractors - Positions 80%
1997 Business-Industry Political Action Committee - Positions 76%
1997 Consumer Federation of America - Positions 50%
1997 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 80%
1997 Public Citizen's Congress Watch - Positions 64%
1997 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 60%
1996 Business-Industry Political Action Committee - Positions 90%
1996 Consumer Federation of America - Positions 23%
1996 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 81%
1995-1996 Associated Builders & Contractors - Positions 86%
1995-1996 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 92%
1995-1996 Public Citizen's Congress Watch - Positions 46%
1995-1996 United States Public Interest Research Group - Positions 47%
1995 Associated Builders & Contractors - Positions 83%

Civil Liberties and Civil Rights

2015 American Civil Liberties Union - Positions 30%
2015 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Positions 50%
2015 Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights - Positions 6%
2014 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Positions 100%
2014 Hispanic Federation, LCLAA, LULAC, Mi Familia Vota, NCLR, and Voto Latino - National Immigration Scorecard 65%
2014 Human Rights Campaign - Positions on Marriage 0%
2014 Liberty for All - Positions 86%
2014 Liberty Guard - Positions 75%
2014 National Council of La Raza - Positions (Preliminary) 65%
2014 Stand Against Spying - Positions 100%
2013-2014 American Civil Liberties Union - Positions 27%
2013-2014 Human Rights Campaign - Positions 0%
2013-2014 Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights - Positions 7%
2013 EarthRights International - Positions 0%
2013 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Positions 64%
2013 Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights - Positions 14%
2013 Republican Liberty Caucus - Personal Liberties 100%
2013 Venn Institute - Scorecard for International Religious Freedom 0%
2000 American Civil Liberties Union - Positions 29%
1999-2000 Human Rights Campaign - Positions 0%
1999 American Civil Liberties Union - Positions 31%
1999 Human Rights Campaign - Positions 9%
1999 National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) - Positions 36%
1998 National Organization for Women - Positions 15%
1997-1998 American Civil Liberties Union - Positions 19%
1997-1998 Campaign for a Color Blind America - Positions 75%
1997-1998 Home School Legal Defense Association - Positions 100%
1997-1998 Human Rights Campaign - Positions 12%
1997-1998 Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights - Positions 28%
1997-1998 League of United Latin American Citizens - Positions 33%
1997 American Civil Liberties Union - Positions 17%
1996 American Civil Liberties Union - Positions 25%
1995-1996 Human Rights Campaign - Positions 000%
1995-1996 Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights - Positions 20%
1995-1996 National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) - Positions 27%

Conservative

2015 Americans for Prosperity - Positions 81%
2015 Americans for Prosperity - Lifetime Score 91%
2015 The John Birch Society - Positions 75%
2014 American Conservative Union - Lifetime Scores 88%
2014 American Conservative Union - Positions 88%
2014 Americans for Prosperity - Lifetime Score (June 23, 2014) 100%
2014 Americans for Prosperity - Positions (June 23, 2014) 100%
2014 Conservative Review - Positions 94
2014 Heritage Action for America - Positions (Jan. 9, 2014) 74%
2014 Heritage Action for America - Positions (113th Congress) 78%
2014 The John Birch Society - Positions 86%
2014 The John Birch Society - Lifetime Score 85%
2013-2014 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 77%
2013-2014 Eagle Forum - Positions 100%
2013-2014 Faith and Freedom Coalition - Positions 100
2013-2014 The John Birch Society - Positions (113th Congress, full session) 91%
2013-2014 The New American - Positions (captured September 2, 2014) 92%
2013 American Conservative Union - Positions 100%
2013 American Conservative Union - Lifetime Score 88%
2013 Concerned Women for America - Positions 100%
2013 Eagle Forum - Positions 100%
2013 National Journal - Conservative (Composite) 56%
2013 National Journal - Conservative on Foreign Policy 46%
2013 National Journal - Conservative on Economic Policy 74%
2013 The New American - Positions on Conservative Issues 86
2000 American Conservative Union - Positions 77%
2000 Concerned Women for America - Positions 100%
1999-2000 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 88%
1999 American Conservative Union - Positions 92%
1999 National Journal - Conservative on Economic Policy Score 84%
1999 National Journal - Conservative on Defense/Foreign Policy Score 81%
1999 The John Birch Society - Positions 85%
1998 American Conservative Union - Positions 72%
1998 National Journal - Conservative on Defense/Foreign Policy Score 62%
1998 The John Birch Society - Positions 68%
1997-1998 60 Plus Association - Positions 50%
1997-1998 Concerned Women for America - Positions 50%
1997 American Conservative Union - Positions 88%
1997 The John Birch Society - Positions 73%
1996 American Conservative Union - Positions 95%
1996 National Journal - Conservative on Defense/Foreign Policy Score 54%
1995-1996 60 Plus Association - Positions 100%
1995-1996 Concerned Women for America - Positions 100%
1995-1996 The John Birch Society - Positions 73%
1995 American Conservative Union - Positions 88%
1995 American Conservative Union - Lifetime Score 88%

Fiscally Conservative

2015 Americans for Prosperity - Lifetime Score 91%
2015 Americans for Prosperity - Positions 81%
2014 Americans for Prosperity - Positions (June 23, 2014) 100%
2014 Americans for Prosperity - Lifetime Score (June 23, 2014) 100%
2014 Competitive Enterprise Institute - Positions 100%
2014 Heritage Action for America - Positions (Jan. 9, 2014) 74%
2014 Heritage Action for America - Positions (113th Congress) 78%
2013-2014 National Tax Limitation Committee - Positions 85%
2013 FreedomWorks - Positions 93%
2013 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 90%
2013 Republican Liberty Caucus - Liberty Index 100%
2013 Republican Liberty Caucus - Economic Liberties Score 100%
2013 Republican Liberty Caucus - Personal Liberties 100%
2013 The Club for Growth - Positions 95%
2013 The Club for Growth - Positions (lifetime) 95%
2008-2010 The Cato Institute - Revenue Score 71%
2008-2010 The Cato Institute - Tax Rate Score 53%
2008-2010 The Cato Institute - Spending Score 96%
2008-2010 The Cato Institute - Overall Fiscal Policy Score 74%
2008 The Cato Institute - Governors' Fiscal Policy Report Card 100%
2006 The Cato Institute - Governors' Fiscal Policy Report Card 75%
2004 The Cato Institute - Governors' Fiscal Policy Report Card 75%
2003-2008 The Cato Institute - Tax Rate Score 45%
2003-2008 The Cato Institute - Spending Score 70%
2003-2008 The Cato Institute - Revenue Score 87%
1999 Americans for Tax Reform - Positions 85%
1999 Legion for the Survival of Freedom, Inc. (formerly Liberty Lobby) - Positions 80%
1999 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 85%
1998 Americans for Tax Reform - Positions 80%
1998 National Journal - Conservative on Economic Policy Score 56%
1998 National Taxpayers Union - Spending Score 90%
1997-1998 National Tax Limitation Committee - Positions 76%
1997-1998 The Cato Institute - Trade Subsidy Votes Score 89%
1997 Legion for the Survival of Freedom, Inc. (formerly Liberty Lobby) - Positions 70%
1997 National Taxpayers Union - Spending Score 78%
1996 National Journal - Conservative on Economic Policy Score 68%
1995-1996 National Tax Limitation Committee - Positions 88%
1995 Legion for the Survival of Freedom, Inc. (formerly Liberty Lobby) - Positions 50%
1995 National Taxpayers Union - Spending Score 92%

Foreign Affairs

2015-2016 Washington Report on Middle East Affairs (WRMEA) - Positions 100%
2015 Council for a Livable World - Positions 38%
2015 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Positions 50%
2014 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Positions 100%
2013-2014 Armenian National Committee of America - Positions 50%
2013-2014 Council for a Livable World - Positions (House) 60%
2013-2014 United States Campaign to End the Israeli Occupation - Positions 100%
2013-2014 Washington Report on Middle East Affairs (WRMEA) - Positions 60%
2013 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Positions 64%
2013 National Journal - Conservative on Foreign Policy 46%
2013 National Journal - Liberal on Foreign Policy 53%
2000 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Positions 55%
1999 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Positions 57%
1999 National Journal - Conservative on Defense/Foreign Policy Score 81%
1999 National Journal - Liberal on Defense/Foreign Policy Score 15%
1999 Peace Action - Positions 54%
1998 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Positions 40%
1998 National Journal - Liberal on Defense/Foreign Policy Score 34%
1998 National Journal - Conservative on Defense/Foreign Policy Score 62%
1998 Peace Action - Positions 50%
1997-1998 PeacePAC - Positions 25%
1997 Center for Security Policy - Positions 79%
1997 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Positions 27%
1997 Peace Action - Positions 33%
1996 Center for Security Policy - Positions 64%
1996 National Journal - Liberal on Foreign\Defense Policy 45%
1996 National Journal - Conservative on Defense/Foreign Policy Score 54%
1996 Peace Action - Positions 0%
1996 PeacePAC - Positions 40%
1995-1996 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Peace and Justice Score 27%
1995 Peace Action - Positions 17%

Health and Health Care

2016 Planned Parenthood Action Fund - Positions (Lifetime) [12/2] 0%
2015 Food Policy Action - Positions 27%
2015 Planned Parenthood Action Fund - Lifetime Score 0%
2014 Alzheimer's Impact Movement - Positions 0%
2014 American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists - Positions (House Only) 100%
2014 American Veterinary Medical Association - Positions on Professional Advocacy 0%
2014 Food Policy Action - Positions 33%
2014 National Right to Life Committee - Positions (June 4, 2014) 100%
2014 Planned Parenthood Action Fund - Positions (June 27, 2014) 0%
2014 Planned Parenthood Action Fund - Positions captured January 9, 2014 (reflect past 6 years' voting record) 0%
2013-2014 Food Policy Action - Positions 33%
2013-2014 National Breast Cancer Coalition - Positions 0%
2013 American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists - Positions (House Only) 0%
2013 American Public Health Association - Positions 0%
2013 Food Policy Action - Positions 31%
2013 National Right to Life Committee - Positions (Jan. 14, 2014) 100%
1999 American Public Health Association - Positions 0%
1999 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 76%
1999 Planned Parenthood Action Fund - Positions 0%
1998 American Public Health Association - Positions 13%
1997-1998 AIDS United - Positions 10%
1997-1998 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 90%
1997 American Public Health Association - Positions 0%
1997 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 100%
1996 National Association of Social Workers - Positions 20%
1996 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 100%
1995-1998 Planned Parenthood Action Fund - Positions 10%
1995-1996 AIDS United - Positions 7%
1995-1996 Smokefree Action - Positions 14%
1995 American Public Health Association - Positions 13%
1993-1996 Planned Parenthood Action Fund - Positions 0%

Immigration

2015-2016 NumbersUSA - Positions [12/2] 77%
2015 Federation for American Immigration Reform - Positions 100%
2015 National Iranian American Council - Positions 0%
2015 NumbersUSA - Positions 83%
2014 Federation for American Immigration Reform - Positions 67%
2014 Hispanic Federation, LCLAA, LULAC, Mi Familia Vota, NCLR, and Voto Latino - National Immigration Scorecard 65%
2014 National Council of La Raza - Positions (Preliminary) 65%
2014 NumbersUSA - Overall Score (Jan. 7, 2014) 64%
2013-2014 American Immigration Lawyers Association - Positions 0%
2013-2014 Armenian National Committee of America - Positions 50%
2013-2014 Federation for American Immigration Reform - Positions 88%
2013-2014 National Hispanic Leadership Agenda - Positions on Economic Empowerment 0%
2013-2014 National Hispanic Leadership Agenda - Positions 0%
2013-2014 National Hispanic Leadership Agenda - Positions on Immigration Reform 0%
2013-2014 National Iranian American Council - Positions 25%
2013 NumbersUSA - Positions 100%
2000 National Hispanic Leadership Agenda - Positions 60%
1999 National Hispanic Leadership Agenda - Positions 27%
1997-1998 National Hispanic Leadership Agenda - Positions 33%
1997-1998 United States Border Control - Positions 71%
1997 Americans for Immigration Control - Positions 100%
1996 Americans for Immigration Control - Positions 24%
1996 Federation for American Immigration Reform - Positions 0%
1989-2016 NumbersUSA - Lifetime Scores [12/2] 54%
1989-2015 NumbersUSA - Lifetime Scores 59%
1989-2013 NumbersUSA - Overall - Career (Feb 11, 2013) 35%

Labor Unions

2015 American Federation of Government Employees - Positions 6%
2015 International Brotherhood of Teamsters - Positions 23%
2015 United Food & Commercial Workers - Positions 14%
2014 American Federation of Government Employees - Positions 0%
2014 American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) - Positions 0%
2014 American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) - Lifetime Score 12%
2014 United Food & Commercial Workers - Positions 25%
2013-2014 International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers - Positions (House) 0%
2013-2014 International Brotherhood of Teamsters - Positions 33%
2013-2014 Workplace Choice - Positions (113th Congress, full session) 88%
2013-2014 Workplace Choice - Positions 100%
2013 American Federation of Government Employees - Positions 27%
2013 American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) - Lifetime Scores 14%
2013 American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) - Positions 9%
2013 American Federation of State, County & Municipal Employees (AFSCME) - Lifetime Score 17%
2013 American Federation of State, County & Municipal Employees (AFSCME) - Positions 0%
2013 International Brotherhood of Boilermakers - Positions 14%
2013 International Foodservice Distributors Association - Positions 100%
2000 American Federation of State, County & Municipal Employees (AFSCME) - Positions 42%
2000 International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers - Positions 60%
1999 American Federation of Government Employees - Positions 10%
1999 American Federation of State, County & Municipal Employees (AFSCME) - Positions 16%
1999 Communications Workers of America - Positions 17%
1999 International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers - Positions 0%
1999 International Brotherhood of Boilermakers - Positions 20%
1999 Transportation Communications Union - Positions 86%
1999 United Auto Workers - Positions 15%
1998 American Federation of Government Employees - Positions 20%
1998 Communications Workers of America - Positions 14%
1998 International Brotherhood of Boilermakers - Positions 50%
1998 National Farmers Union - Positions 22%
1998 Transportation Communications Union - Positions 20%
1998 United Auto Workers - Positions 42%
1997-1998 International Brotherhood of Teamsters - Positions 13%
1997 American Federation of Government Employees - Positions 21%
1997 American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) - Positions 0%
1997 American Federation of State, County & Municipal Employees (AFSCME) - Positions 13%
1997 Communications Workers of America - Positions 13%
1997 National Farmers Union - Positions 14%
1997 United Auto Workers - Positions 7%
1997 United Food & Commercial Workers - Positions 8%
1996 American Federation of Government Employees - Positions 10%
1996 American Federation of State, County & Municipal Employees (AFSCME) - Positions 25%
1996 Communications Workers of America - Positions on Workplace Rights 44%
1996 National Farmers Union - Positions 27%
1996 United Auto Workers - Positions on Workplace Rights 20%
1995 International Brotherhood of Teamsters - Positions 0%
1995 National Farmers Union - Positions 30%
1995 Transportation Communications Union - Positions 0%
1995 United Food & Commercial Workers - Positions on Workplace Rights 0%

Religion

2015 Family Research Council - Positions 83%
2015 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Positions 50%
2015 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 27%
2015 The John Birch Society - Positions 75%
2014 American Family Association - Positions 75%
2014 Americans United for the Separation of Church and State - Positions (House Only) 0%
2014 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 78%
2014 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Positions 100%
2014 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 30%
2014 Secular Coalition for America - Positions 50%
2014 The John Birch Society - Lifetime Score 85%
2014 The John Birch Society - Positions 86%
2013-2014 Bread for the World - Positions 33%
2013-2014 Family Policy Alliance - Positions (House Only) 100%
2013-2014 Muslim Public Affairs Council - Positions 37%
2013-2014 The John Birch Society - Positions (113th Congress, full session) 91%
2013 Bread for the World - Positions 33%
2013 Concerned Women for America - Positions 100%
2013 Family Research Council - Positions (113th Congress, first session) 100%
2013 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Positions 64%
2013 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 0%
2013 Secular Coalition for America - Congressional Positions 41%
2013 Venn Institute - Scorecard for International Religious Freedom 0%
2000 Concerned Women for America - Positions 100%
1999-2000 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 73%
1999 Bread for the World - Positions 0%
1999 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 64%
1999 The John Birch Society - Positions 85%
1998 Bread for the World - Positions 33%
1998 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 47%
1998 The John Birch Society - Positions 68%
1997-1998 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 73%
1997-1998 Concerned Women for America - Positions 50%
1997 Bread for the World - Positions 25%
1997 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 89%
1997 The John Birch Society - Positions 73%
1996 Bread for the World - Positions on Addressing World Hunger 0%
1996 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 33%
1995-1996 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 100%
1995-1996 Concerned Women for America - Positions 100%
1995-1996 The John Birch Society - Positions 73%

Socially Conservative

2015 The John Birch Society - Positions 75%
2015 The John Birch Society - Positions 75%
2014 American Family Association - Positions 75%
2014 American Family Association - Positions 75%
2014 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 78%
2014 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 78%
2014 Heritage Action for America - Positions (113th Congress) 78%
2014 Heritage Action for America - Positions (113th Congress) 78%
2014 Heritage Action for America - Positions (Jan. 9, 2014) 74%
2014 Heritage Action for America - Positions (Jan. 9, 2014) 74%
2014 The John Birch Society - Positions 86%
2014 The John Birch Society - Positions 86%
2014 The John Birch Society - Lifetime Score 85%
2014 The John Birch Society - Lifetime Score 85%
2013-2014 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 77%
2013-2014 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 77%
2013-2014 Eagle Forum - Positions 100%
2013-2014 Eagle Forum - Positions 100%
2013-2014 The John Birch Society - Positions (113th Congress, full session) 91%
2013-2014 The John Birch Society - Positions (113th Congress, full session) 91%
2013 Concerned Women for America - Positions 100%
2013 Concerned Women for America - Positions 100%
2013 Eagle Forum - Positions 100%
2013 Eagle Forum - Positions 100%
2013 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy 48%
2013 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy 48%
2013 Republican Liberty Caucus - Liberty Index 100%
2013 Republican Liberty Caucus - Personal Liberties 100%
2013 Republican Liberty Caucus - Liberty Index 100%
2013 Republican Liberty Caucus - Personal Liberties 100%
2013 Republican Liberty Caucus - Economic Liberties Score 100%
2013 Republican Liberty Caucus - Economic Liberties Score 100%
2000 Concerned Women for America - Positions 100%
2000 Concerned Women for America - Positions 100%
1999-2000 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 88%
1999-2000 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 88%
1999-2000 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 73%
1999-2000 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 73%
1999-2000 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 85%
1999-2000 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 85%
1999 Legion for the Survival of Freedom, Inc. (formerly Liberty Lobby) - Positions 80%
1999 Legion for the Survival of Freedom, Inc. (formerly Liberty Lobby) - Positions 80%
1999 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy Score 60%
1999 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy Score 60%
1999 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 76%
1999 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 76%
1999 The John Birch Society - Positions 85%
1999 The John Birch Society - Positions 85%
1998 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy Score 69%
1998 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy Score 69%
1998 The John Birch Society - Positions 68%
1998 The John Birch Society - Positions 68%
1997-1998 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 73%
1997-1998 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 73%
1997-1998 Concerned Women for America - Positions 50%
1997-1998 Concerned Women for America - Positions 50%
1997-1998 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 90%
1997-1998 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 90%
1997 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 89%
1997 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 89%
1997 Legion for the Survival of Freedom, Inc. (formerly Liberty Lobby) - Positions 70%
1997 Legion for the Survival of Freedom, Inc. (formerly Liberty Lobby) - Positions 70%
1997 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 100%
1997 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 100%
1997 The John Birch Society - Positions 73%
1997 The John Birch Society - Positions 73%
1996 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy Score 58%
1996 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy Score 58%
1996 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 100%
1996 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 100%
1995-1996 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 100%
1995-1996 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 100%
1995-1996 Concerned Women for America - Positions 100%
1995-1996 Concerned Women for America - Positions 100%
1995-1996 The John Birch Society - Positions 73%
1995-1996 The John Birch Society - Positions 73%
1995 Legion for the Survival of Freedom, Inc. (formerly Liberty Lobby) - Positions 50%
1995 Legion for the Survival of Freedom, Inc. (formerly Liberty Lobby) - Positions 50%

Socially Liberal

2015 Progressive Punch - Overall Positions 12%
2015 Progressive Punch - Overall Lifetime Positions 15%
2015 Progressive Punch - Overall Lifetime Positions 15%
2015 Progressive Punch - Overall Positions 12%
2013-2014 Progressive Punch - Crucial Votes Lifetime Score 16%
2013-2014 Progressive Punch - Lifetime Score 15%
2013-2014 Progressive Punch - Lifetime Score 15%
2013-2014 Progressive Punch - Overall Positions 10%
2013-2014 Progressive Punch - Overall Positions 10%
2013-2014 Progressive Punch - Crucial Votes 21%
2013-2014 Progressive Punch - Crucial Votes Lifetime Score 16%
2013-2014 Progressive Punch - Crucial Votes 21%
2013 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 10%
2013 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 10%
1999 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 15%
1999 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 15%
1999 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 0%
1999 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 0%
1999 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 39%
1999 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 39%
1999 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 64%
1999 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 64%
1998 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 20%
1998 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 20%
1998 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 29%
1998 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 29%
1998 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 47%
1998 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 47%
1997-1998 National Committee for an Effective Congress - Positions 10%
1997-1998 National Committee for an Effective Congress - Positions 10%
1997 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 20%
1997 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 20%
1997 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 3%
1997 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 3%
1996 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 10%
1996 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 10%
1996 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 0%
1996 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 0%
1996 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 41%
1996 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 41%
1996 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 33%
1996 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 33%
1995-1996 National Committee for an Effective Congress - Positions 10%
1995-1996 National Committee for an Effective Congress - Positions 10%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Project Vote Smart displays all known interest group ratings for each candidate and official, regardless of issue or bias.

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.

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