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Clement 'Butch' Leroy Otter

Clement 'Butch' Leroy Otter's Ratings and Endorsements

Full Name: Clement 'Butch' Leroy Otter
Current Office: Governor, Republican
First Elected: 11/07/2006
Last Elected: 11/02/2010
Next Election: 2014
On The Ballot: Running, Republican for Governor
General Nov. 4, 2014
Primary May 20, 2014

Animals and Wildlife

2006 Sportsmen and Animal Owner's Voting Alliance - Positions 100%
2005-2006 Animal Welfare Institute - U.S. House Score 0%
2005-2006 The Humane Society of the United States - Positions 14%
2005 American Wilderness Coalition - Positions 0%
2005 ConservAmerica - Positions 8
2005 The Humane Society of the United States - Positions 0%
2004 American Humane Association - Positions 11%
2004 American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals - Positions 11%
2004 Born Free USA - Positions 11%
2004 Defenders of Wildlife Action Fund - Positions 0%
2004 The Humane Society Legislative Fund - Positions 11
2004 The Humane Society of the United States - Positions 11
2003-2004 American Wilderness Coalition - Positions 0%
2003 American Humane Association - Positions 11%
2003 American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals - Positions 11%
2003 Animal Welfare Institute - Positions 11%
2003 Born Free USA - Positions 11%
2003 Defenders of Wildlife Action Fund - Positions 7%
2003 Doris Day Animal League - Positions 11%
2003 Sierra Club - Positions 0%
2003 The Humane Society Legislative Fund - Positions 11%
2003 The Humane Society of the United States - Positions 11%
2001-2002 American Humane Association - Positions 0%
2001-2002 American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals - Positions 0%
2001-2002 American Wilderness Coalition - Positions 0%
2001-2002 Animal Welfare Institute - Positions 0%
2001-2002 Born Free USA - Positions 0%
2001-2002 Doris Day Animal League - Positions 0%
2001-2002 The Humane Society Legislative Fund - Positions 0%
2001-2002 The Humane Society of the United States - Positions 0%

Budget, Spending and Taxes

2008-2010 The Cato Institute - Spending Score 62%
2008-2010 The Cato Institute - Revenue Score 54%
2008-2010 The Cato Institute - Tax Rate Score 56%
2006 Drum Major Institute for Public Policy/TheMiddleClass.org - Positions 0%
2006 FreedomWorks - Positions 83%
2006 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 33%
2006 The Retired Enlisted Association - Retired Military Benefits Issues Score 21%
2005-2006 Freedom Democrats - Positions on Economic Issues 78%
2005 Alliance for Retired Americans - Positions 20%
2005 Americans for Tax Reform - Positions 88%
2005 Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 88%
2005 Drum Major Institute for Public Policy/TheMiddleClass.org - Positions 13%
2005 FreedomWorks - Positions 82%
2005 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 73%
2005 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 73%
2005 Republican Liberty Caucus - Economic Liberties Score 85%
2005 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions 75%
2005 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Personal Liberties 65%
2005 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 25%
2004 Alliance for Retired Americans - Positions 0%
2004 Americans for Tax Reform - Positions 95%
2004 Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 93%
2004 Drum Major Institute for Public Policy/TheMiddleClass.org - Positions 0%
2004 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 82%
2004 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 82%
2004 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions 75%
2004 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 0%
2004 Taxpayers for Common Sense - Positions 25%
2004 United States Women's Chamber of Commerce - Positions 50%
2003-2008 The Cato Institute - Revenue Score 21%
2003-2008 The Cato Institute - Spending Score 37%
2003-2008 The Cato Institute - Tax Rate Score 53%
2003-2004 Bread for the World - Positions 25%
2003-2004 FreedomWorks - Positions 82%
2003-2004 National Tax Limitation Committee - Positions 100%
2003-2004 Population Action International - Positions 0%
2003 Alliance for Retired Americans - Positions 10%
2003 Americans for Tax Reform - Positions 100%
2003 Bread for the World - Positions 0%
2003 Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 89%
2003 Drum Major Institute for Public Policy/TheMiddleClass.org - Positions 50%
2003 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 71%
2003 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 71%
2003 Population Action International - Positions 0%
2003 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 85
2003 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 85
2003 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 85
2003 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 0%
2003 Taxpayers for Common Sense - Positions 50%
2002 Alliance for Retired Americans - Positions 0%
2002 American Benefits Council - Positions 60%
2002 Americans for Tax Reform - Positions 100%
2002 Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 83%
2002 Emergency Committee for American Trade - Positions 75%
2002 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 60%
2002 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 60%
2002 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 90
2002 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 90
2002 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 90
2002 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 0%
2002 Taxpayers for Common Sense - Positions 17%
2001-2002 Bread for the World - Positions 33%
2001-2002 Concord Coalition - Positions 25%
2001-2002 FreedomWorks - Positions 90%
2001-2002 National Committee to Preserve Social Security and Medicare - Positions 23%
2001-2002 National Tax Limitation Committee - Positions 97%
2001 Alliance for Retired Americans - Positions 0%
2001 American Benefits Council - Positions 100%
2001 Americans for Tax Reform - Positions 95%
2001 Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 85%
2001 National Journal - Conservative on Foreign Policy Score 69%
2001 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 73%
2001 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 73%
2001 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions 82%
2001 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 25%
2001 Taxpayers for Common Sense - Positions 32%

Business and Consumers

2012 The Center for Education Reform - Positions (Governors) 100%
2006 Consumer Action - Positions 0%
2006 National Stone, Sand & Gravel Association - Positions 88%
2006 Population Connection - Positions 0%
2006 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 33%
2006 United States Public Interest Research Group - Positions 5%
2005-2006 American Association of University Women - Positions 30%
2005-2006 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 86%
2005 American Association of University Women - Positions 33%
2005 Business-Industry Political Action Committee - Positions 89%
2005 National Association for College Admission Counseling - Positions 25%
2005 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 100%
2005 Population Connection - Positions 0%
2005 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 25%
2005 Small Business & Entrepreneurship Council - Positions 96%
2005 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 81%
2004 American Shareholders Association - Positions 90%
2004 Financial Executives International - Positions 50%
2004 National Association of Government Contractors - Positions 67%
2004 National Stone, Sand & Gravel Association - Positions 92%
2004 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 0%
2004 Small Business & Entrepreneurship Council - Positions 93%
2004 State PIRGs Working Together - Positions 10%
2004 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 95%
2004 United States Public Interest Research Group - Positions 10%
2003-2004 American Association of University Women - Positions 0%
2003-2004 American Forest and Paper Association - Positions 91%
2003-2004 Associated Builders & Contractors - Positions 90%
2003-2004 Associated General Contractors of America - Positions 83%
2003-2004 Business-Industry Political Action Committee - Positions 100%
2003-2004 National Association for the Self-Employed - Positions 86%
2003-2004 National Association of Manufacturers - Positions 90%
2003-2004 National Education Association - Positions 16%
2003-2004 National Education Association - Positions 16%
2003-2004 National Electrical Contractors Association - Positions 77%
2003-2004 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 100%
2003-2004 National Parent Teacher Association - Positions 0%
2003-2004 National Restaurant Association - Positions 100%
2003-2004 National Retail Federation - Positions 100%
2003-2004 National School Boards Association - Positions 40%
2003-2004 National Small Business Association - Positions 91%
2003-2004 Plumbing-Heating-Cooling Contractors-National Association - Positions 90%
2003-2004 Population Connection - Positions 0%
2003-2004 Public Citizen's Congress Watch - Positions 8%
2003-2004 School Nutrition Association - Positions 0%
2003-2004 United States Business and Industry Council - Positions 55%
2003 American Association of University Women - Positions 0%
2003 Associated Builders & Contractors - Positions 100%
2003 Business-Industry Political Action Committee - Positions 100%
2003 Maryland Business for Responsive Government - Positions 98%
2003 National Association of Government Contractors - Positions 100%
2003 National Education Association - Positions 17%
2003 National Education Association - Positions 17%
2003 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 100%
2003 National Retail Federation - Positions 100%
2003 National School Boards Association - Positions 30%
2003 Population Connection - Positions 0%
2003 Public Citizen's Congress Watch - Positions 0%
2003 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 0%
2003 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 97%
2003 United States Public Interest Research Group - Positions 0%
2002 National Education Association - Positions 0%
2002 National Education Association - Positions 0%
2002 National Stone, Sand & Gravel Association - Positions 100%
2002 Population Connection - Positions 11%
2002 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 0%
2002 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 90%
2002 United States Public Interest Research Group - Positions 10%
2002 Vote Hemp - Positions on Industrial Hemp Policy Fence Sitter
2001-2002 American Association of University Women - Positions 0%
2001-2002 Associated Builders & Contractors - Positions 100%
2001-2002 Associated General Contractors of America - Positions 100%
2001-2002 Business-Industry Political Action Committee - Positions 100%
2001-2002 National Association for the Self-Employed - Positions 71%
2001-2002 National Association of Manufacturers - Positions 100%
2001-2002 National Committee to Preserve Social Security and Medicare - Positions 23%
2001-2002 National Electrical Contractors Association - Positions 88%
2001-2002 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 100%
2001-2002 National Parent Teacher Association - Positions 25%
2001-2002 Plumbing-Heating-Cooling Contractors-National Association - Positions 100%
2001-2002 Public Citizen's Congress Watch - Positions 5%
2001-2002 Small Business & Entrepreneurship Council - Positions 93%
2001 American Association of University Women - Positions 0%
2001 American Shareholders Association - Positions 100%
2001 National Education Association - Positions 0%
2001 National Education Association - Positions 0%
2001 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 100%
2001 National Stone, Sand & Gravel Association - Positions 100%
2001 Population Connection - Positions 10%
2001 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 25%
2001 Small Business & Entrepreneurship Council - Positions 100%
2001 United Food & Commercial Workers - Positions 0%
2001 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 87%
1999-2006 National Ready Mixed Concrete Association - Positions 72%
1999-2004 National Ready Mixed Concrete Association - Positions 60%

Civil Liberties and Civil Rights

2006 Drum Major Institute for Public Policy/TheMiddleClass.org - Positions 0%
2006 United To End Genocide - Positions on Darfur D
2005-2006 American Civil Liberties Union - Positions 36%
2005 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 15%
2005 Drum Major Institute for Public Policy/TheMiddleClass.org - Positions 13%
2005 Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights - Positions 11%
2005 National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) - Positions 35%
2005 National Organization for Women - Positions 29%
2004 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 5%
2004 Center for International Policy - Positions 100%
2004 Drum Major Institute for Public Policy/TheMiddleClass.org - Positions 0%
2004 National Council of La Raza - Positions 0%
2003-2004 American Civil Liberties Union - Positions 20%
2003-2004 Human Rights Campaign - Positions 0%
2003-2004 Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights - Positions 0%
2003-2004 League of United Latin American Citizens - Positions 6%
2003-2004 National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) - Positions 30%
2003-2004 United States Campaign to End the Israeli Occupation - Positions on International Middle East Human Rights -7
2003 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 20%
2003 Drum Major Institute for Public Policy/TheMiddleClass.org - Positions 50%
2003 Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights - Positions 0%
2003 National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) - Positions 20%
2003 United States Campaign to End the Israeli Occupation - Positions on International Middle East Human Rights -3
2001-2002 American Civil Liberties Union - Positions 20%
2001-2002 Human Rights Campaign - Positions 0%
2001-2002 Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights - Positions 17%
2001-2002 League of United Latin American Citizens - Positions 22%
2001-2002 National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) - Positions 33%
2001-2002 People for the American Way - Positions 6%
2001 American Civil Liberties Union - Positions 22%
2001 Human Rights Campaign - Positions 0%
2001 League of United Latin American Citizens - Positions 9%
2001 National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) - Positions 29%

Conservative

2008-2010 The Cato Institute - Overall Fiscal Policy Score 58%
2008-2010 The Cato Institute - Revenue Score 54%
2008-2010 The Cato Institute - Spending Score 62%
2008-2010 The Cato Institute - Tax Rate Score 56%
2006 Americans for Prosperity - Positions 95%
2006 Americans for Prosperity - Positions 95%
2006 FreedomWorks - Positions 83%
2006 The John Birch Society - Positions 70%
2006 The John Birch Society - Positions 70%
2005-2006 Concerned Women for America - Positions 93%
2005-2006 Concerned Women for America - Positions 93%
2005 American Conservative Union - Positions 96%
2005 Americans for Tax Reform - Positions 88%
2005 ConservAmerica - Positions 8
2005 Eagle Forum - Positions 93%
2005 Eagle Forum - Positions 93%
2005 Family Research Council - Positions 100%
2005 FreedomWorks - Positions 82%
2005 National Journal - Composite Conservative Score 54%
2005 National Journal - Conservative on Foreign Policy Score 48%
2005 National Journal - Conservative on Economic Policy Score 59%
2005 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy Score 55%
2005 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 73%
2005 Republican Liberty Caucus - Economic Liberties Score 85%
2005 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions 75%
2005 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions 75%
2005 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Personal Liberties 65%
2005 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Personal Liberties 65%
2005 Republican Liberty Caucus - Economic Liberties Score 85%
2005 The John Birch Society - Positions 50%
2005 The John Birch Society - Positions 50%
2004 American Conservative Union - Positions 100%
2004 Americans for Tax Reform - Positions 95%
2004 Christian Action Network - Lifetime Score 93%
2004 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 92%
2004 Eagle Forum - Positions 94%
2004 Eagle Forum - Positions 94%
2004 Family Research Council - Positions 92%
2004 National Journal - Conservative on Economic Policy Score 84%
2004 National Journal - Conservative on Foreign Policy Score 48%
2004 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy Score 61%
2004 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 82%
2004 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions 75%
2004 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions 75%
2004 The John Birch Society - Positions (Spring) 63%
2004 The John Birch Society - Positions (Spring) 63%
2004 The John Birch Society - Positions (Fall) 80%
2004 The John Birch Society - Positions (Fall) 80%
2003-2008 The Cato Institute - Tax Rate Score 53%
2003-2008 The Cato Institute - Overall Fiscal Policy Score 37%
2003-2008 The Cato Institute - Revenue Score 21%
2003-2008 The Cato Institute - Spending Score 37%
2003-2004 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 97%
2003-2004 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 97%
2003-2004 Concerned Women for America - Positions 95%
2003-2004 Concerned Women for America - Positions 95%
2003-2004 FreedomWorks - Positions 82%
2003-2004 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 100%
2003-2004 National Tax Limitation Committee - Positions 100%
2003-2004 The Cato Institute - Trade Subsidy Votes Score 0%
2003 American Conservative Union - Positions 88%
2003 American Family Association - Positions 100%
2003 Americans for Tax Reform - Positions 100%
2003 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 95%
2003 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 95%
2003 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 92%
2003 Concerned Women for America - Positions 92%
2003 Concerned Women for America - Positions 92%
2003 Eagle Forum - Positions 96%
2003 Eagle Forum - Positions 96%
2003 Family Research Council - Positions 100%
2003 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy Score 58%
2003 National Journal - Composite Conservative Score 62%
2003 National Journal - Conservative on Economic Policy Score 75%
2003 National Journal - Conservative on Foreign Policy Score 48%
2003 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 71%
2003 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 85
2003 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 85
2003 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 85
2003 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 85
2003 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 85
2003 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 85
2003 The John Birch Society - Positions (Summer) 50%
2003 The John Birch Society - Positions (Summer) 50%
2002 American Conservative Union - Positions 96%
2002 Americans for Tax Reform - Positions 100%
2002 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 100%
2002 Eagle Forum - Positions 87%
2002 Eagle Forum - Positions 87%
2002 National Journal - Conservative on Foreign Policy Score 51%
2002 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy Score 63%
2002 National Journal - Conservative on Economic Policy Score 91%
2002 National Journal - Composite Conservative Score 71%
2002 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 60%
2002 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 90
2002 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 90
2002 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 90
2002 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 90
2002 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 90
2002 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 90
2002 The John Birch Society - Positions 55%
2002 The John Birch Society - Positions 55%
2001-2002 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 92%
2001-2002 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 92%
2001-2002 Concerned Women for America - Positions 93%
2001-2002 Concerned Women for America - Positions 93%
2001-2002 Family Research Council - Positions 100%
2001-2002 FreedomWorks - Positions 90%
2001-2002 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 100%
2001-2002 National Tax Limitation Committee - Positions 97%
2001-2002 The Cato Institute - Trade Barrier Votes Score 91%
2001-2002 The Cato Institute - Trade Subsidy Votes Score 29%
2001 American Conservative Union - Positions 96%
2001 Americans for Tax Reform - Positions 95%
2001 Family Research Council - Positions on Conservative Issues 90%
2001 National Journal - Conservative on Economic Policy Score 94%
2001 National Journal - Conservative on Foreign Policy Score 69%
2001 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 73%
2001 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions 82%
2001 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions 82%
2001 The John Birch Society - Positions 75%
2001 The John Birch Society - Positions 75%

Education

2012 The Center for Education Reform - Positions (Governors) 100%
2012 The Center for Education Reform - Positions (Governors) 100%
2006 Population Connection - Positions 0%
2005-2006 American Association of University Women - Positions 30%
2005 American Association of University Women - Positions 33%
2005 National Association for College Admission Counseling - Positions 25%
2005 Population Connection - Positions 0%
2003-2004 American Association of University Women - Positions 0%
2003-2004 American Security Council Foundation - Positions 80%
2003-2004 National Education Association - Positions 16%
2003-2004 National Education Association - Positions 16%
2003-2004 National Parent Teacher Association - Positions 0%
2003-2004 National School Boards Association - Positions 40%
2003-2004 Population Connection - Positions 0%
2003-2004 School Nutrition Association - Positions 0%
2003 American Association of University Women - Positions 0%
2003 American Library Association - Positions 100%
2003 National Education Association - Positions 17%
2003 National Education Association - Positions 17%
2003 National School Boards Association - Positions 30%
2003 Population Connection - Positions 0%
2002 American Security Council Foundation - Positions 50%
2002 National Education Association - Positions 0%
2002 National Education Association - Positions 0%
2002 Population Connection - Positions 11%
2001-2002 American Association of University Women - Positions 0%
2001-2002 National Parent Teacher Association - Positions 25%
2001 American Association of University Women - Positions 0%
2001 National Education Association - Positions 0%
2001 National Education Association - Positions 0%
2001 Population Connection - Positions 10%

Foreign Affairs

2006 Citizens for Global Solutions - Global Issues Score F
2006 Peace Action West - Positions 29%
2006 United To End Genocide - Positions on Darfur D
2005-2006 ACT! for America - Positions 77%
2005-2006 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Positions 38%
2005 Citizens for Global Solutions - Global Issues Score F
2005 Council on American-Islamic Relations - Positions 0%
2005 Latin America Working Group - Positions 63%
2005 National Journal - Conservative on Foreign Policy Score 48%
2005 National Journal - Liberal on Foreign Policy Score 51%
2005 Peace Action - Positions 25%
2005 PeacePAC - Positions 8%
2004 Center for International Policy - Positions 100%
2004 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Positions 25%
2004 Latin America Working Group - Positions 43%
2004 National Journal - Liberal on Foreign Policy Score 51%
2004 National Journal - Conservative on Foreign Policy Score 48%
2004 Nuclear Age Peace Foundation - Positions 67%
2004 Peace Action - Positions 0%
2003-2004 ACT! for America - Positions 62.5%
2003-2004 American Muslims for Jerusalem - Positions on International Middle East Policy Advocacy -19
2003-2004 American Security Council Foundation - Positions 80%
2003-2004 Bread for the World - Positions 25%
2003-2004 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Positions 20%
2003-2004 PeacePAC - Positions 27%
2003-2004 Population Action International - Positions 0%
2003-2004 United States Campaign to End the Israeli Occupation - Positions on International Middle East Human Rights -7
2003-2004 USA Engage - Positions 60%
2003-2004 Washington Report on Middle East Affairs (WRMEA) - Positions 13%
2003 Bread for the World - Positions 0%
2003 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Positions 0%
2003 Latin America Working Group - Positions 44%
2003 National Journal - Liberal on Foreign Policy Score 51%
2003 National Journal - Conservative on Foreign Policy Score 48%
2003 Nuclear Age Peace Foundation - Positions 0%
2003 Peace Action - Positions 33%
2003 Population Action International - Positions 0%
2003 United States Campaign to End the Israeli Occupation - Positions on International Middle East Human Rights -3
2002-2006 Voices for Creative Nonviolence - Iraq War Resolution and Funding 80%
2002-2003 Citizens for Global Solutions - Positions 0%
2002 American Security Council Foundation - Positions 50%
2002 National Journal - Conservative on Foreign Policy Score 51%
2002 Peace Action - Positions 10%
2001-2002 American Foreign Service Association - Positions 45%
2001-2002 American Muslims for Jerusalem - Positions on International Middle East Policy Advocacy -13
2001-2002 Bread for the World - Positions 33%
2001-2002 Council for a Livable World - Positions 0%
2001-2002 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Positions 14%
2001-2002 USA Engage - Positions 80%
2001 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Positions 14%
2001 National Journal - Conservative on Foreign Policy Score 69%
2001 National Journal - Liberal on Foreign Policy Score 29%
2001 Peace Action - Positions 13%
2001 Washington Report on Middle East Affairs (WRMEA) - Positions 0%
1998-2002 Center for Security Policy - Positions 73%

Government Operations

2008-2010 The Cato Institute - Tax Rate Score 56%
2008-2010 The Cato Institute - Revenue Score 54%
2008-2010 The Cato Institute - Spending Score 62%
2006 American Immigration Lawyers Association - Positions 0%
2006 FreedomWorks - Positions 83%
2006 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 33%
2006 The Retired Enlisted Association - Retired Military Benefits Issues Score 21%
2005 Alliance for Retired Americans - Positions 20%
2005 American Immigration Lawyers Association - Positions 0%
2005 Americans for Tax Reform - Positions 88%
2005 Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 88%
2005 Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 88%
2005 FreedomWorks - Positions 82%
2005 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 73%
2005 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 73%
2005 Republican Liberty Caucus - Economic Liberties Score 85%
2005 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions 75%
2005 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Personal Liberties 65%
2005 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 25%
2005 United States Public Interest Research Group - Positions 5%
2004 Alliance for Retired Americans - Positions 0%
2004 Americans for Tax Reform - Positions 95%
2004 Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 93%
2004 Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 93%
2004 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 82%
2004 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 82%
2004 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions 75%
2004 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 0%
2004 Taxpayers for Common Sense - Positions 25%
2003-2008 The Cato Institute - Revenue Score 21%
2003-2008 The Cato Institute - Tax Rate Score 53%
2003-2008 The Cato Institute - Spending Score 37%
2003-2004 Bread for the World - Positions 25%
2003-2004 FreedomWorks - Positions 82%
2003-2004 National Tax Limitation Committee - Positions 100%
2003-2004 Population Action International - Positions 0%
2003 Alliance for Retired Americans - Positions 10%
2003 Americans for Tax Reform - Positions 100%
2003 Bread for the World - Positions 0%
2003 Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 89%
2003 Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 89%
2003 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 71%
2003 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 71%
2003 Population Action International - Positions 0%
2003 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 85
2003 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 85
2003 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 85
2003 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 0%
2003 State PIRGs Working Together - Positions 0%
2003 Taxpayers for Common Sense - Positions 50%
2002 Alliance for Retired Americans - Positions 0%
2002 American Benefits Council - Positions 60%
2002 American Immigration Lawyers Association - Positions 0%
2002 Americans for Tax Reform - Positions 100%
2002 Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 83%
2002 Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 83%
2002 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 60%
2002 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 60%
2002 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 90
2002 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 90
2002 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 90
2002 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 0%
2002 Taxpayers for Common Sense - Positions 17%
2001-2002 American Bar Association - Positions 0%
2001-2002 Bread for the World - Positions 33%
2001-2002 FreedomWorks - Positions 90%
2001-2002 National Committee to Preserve Social Security and Medicare - Positions 23%
2001-2002 National Tax Limitation Committee - Positions 97%
2001 Alliance for Retired Americans - Positions 0%
2001 American Benefits Council - Positions 100%
2001 American Immigration Lawyers Association - Positions 50%
2001 Americans for Tax Reform - Positions 95%
2001 Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 85%
2001 Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 85%
2001 National Journal - Conservative on Foreign Policy Score 69%
2001 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 73%
2001 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 73%
2001 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions 82%
2001 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 25%
2001 Taxpayers for Common Sense - Positions 32%
1995-2004 American Immigration Lawyers Association - Positions 10%

Health and Health Care

2006 Planned Parenthood Action Fund - Positions 0%
2006 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 33%
2005-2006 American Hospital Association - Positions 44%
2005 American Public Health Association - Positions 12%
2005 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 25%
2004 American College of Emergency Physicians - Positions 50%
2004 American Public Health Association - Positions 22%
2004 Citizens for Health - Whole Person Health Rating - Whole Person Health Score 50%
2004 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 0%
2003-2004 American Academy of Emergency Medicine - Positions 75%
2003-2004 National Breast Cancer Coalition - Positions 0%
2003-2004 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 100%
2003-2004 National Rural Health Association - Positions 100%
2003 American College of Emergency Physicians - Positions 100%
2003 American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists - Positions 100%
2003 American Public Health Association - Positions 11%
2003 American Society of Anesthesiologists - Positions 100%
2003 Global AIDS Alliance - Positions 0%
2003 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 0%
2002 American College of Emergency Physicians - Positions 100%
2002 American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists - Positions 100%
2002 American Public Health Association - Positions 0%
2002 Pennsylvania State Nurses Association - Positions 67%
2002 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 0%
2002 Vote Hemp - Positions on Industrial Hemp Policy Fence Sitter
2001-2002 National Association of Social Workers - Positions 12%
2001-2002 National Breast Cancer Coalition - Positions 0%
2001-2002 National Committee to Preserve Social Security and Medicare - Positions 23%
2001-2002 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 100%
2001 AIDS United - Positions 20%
2001 American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists - Positions 25%
2001 American Medical Association - Positions 0%
2001 American Public Health Association - Positions 0%
2001 National Breast Cancer Coalition - Positions 0%
2001 Planned Parenthood Action Fund - Positions 0%
2001 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 25%
2001 The Leukemia & Lymphoma Society - Positions 100%
2001 United Food & Commercial Workers - Positions 0%
1999-2002 National Family Planning & Reproductive Health Association - Positions 14%
1995-2004 National Family Planning & Reproductive Health Association - Positions 0%
1995-2003 Planned Parenthood Action Fund - Positions 0%

Labor Unions

2006 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 33%
2005-2006 International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers - Positions 50%
2005 American Federation of Government Employees - Positions 23%
2005 American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) - Positions 33%
2005 American Federation of State, County & Municipal Employees (AFSCME) - Positions 13%
2005 International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers - Positions 17%
2005 International Brotherhood of Boilermakers - Positions 50%
2005 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 25%
2005 United Auto Workers - Positions 14%
2004 American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) - Positions 0%
2004 American Postal Workers Union - Positions 0%
2004 Communications Workers of America - Positions 0%
2004 International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers - Positions 0%
2004 International Brotherhood of Boilermakers - Positions 0%
2004 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 0%
2004 Transportation Communications Union - Positions 0%
2004 United Auto Workers - Positions 0%
2003-2004 American Federation of Government Employees - Positions 0%
2003-2004 American Federation of State, County & Municipal Employees (AFSCME) - Positions 0%
2003-2004 American Road and Transportation Builders Association - Positions 50%
2003-2004 Bakery, Confectionery, Tobacco Workers and Grain Millers - Positions 21%
2003-2004 International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers - Positions 25%
2003-2004 National Farmers Union - Positions 33%
2003 American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) - Positions 0%
2003 American Federation of State, County & Municipal Employees (AFSCME) - Positions 0%
2003 Communications Workers of America - Positions 11%
2003 International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers - Positions 0%
2003 International Brotherhood of Boilermakers - Positions 12%
2003 International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers - Positions 33%
2003 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 0%
2003 Transportation Communications Union - Positions 0%
2003 United Auto Workers - Positions on Workplace Rights 7%
2002 American Federation of Government Employees - Positions 0%
2002 American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) - Positions 0%
2002 American Federation of State, County & Municipal Employees (AFSCME) - Positions 11%
2002 Communications Workers of America - Positions 22%
2002 International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers - Positions 0%
2002 International Brotherhood of Boilermakers - Positions 25%
2002 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 0%
2002 Transportation Communications Union - Positions 0%
2002 United Auto Workers - Positions 0%
2001-2002 American Postal Workers Union - Positions 0%
2001-2002 International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers - Positions 25%
2001-2002 National Farmers Union - Positions 25%
2001 American Federation of Government Employees - Positions 0%
2001 American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) - Positions 8%
2001 American Federation of State, County & Municipal Employees (AFSCME) - Positions 0%
2001 International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers - Positions 11%
2001 International Brotherhood of Boilermakers - Positions 40%
2001 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 25%
2001 Transportation Communications Union - Positions 43%
2001 United Auto Workers - Positions 8%
2001 United Food & Commercial Workers - Positions 0%
1999 American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) - Positions 0%

Liberal

2013 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions (Governors) 0%
2005-2006 Campaign for America's Future - Energy Score 0%
2005-2006 Campaign for America's Future - Energy Score 0%
2005-2006 Freedom Democrats - Positions on Social Issues 37%
2005-2006 Freedom Democrats - Positions on Economic Issues 78%
2005 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 15%
2005 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 15%
2005 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 0%
2005 National Committee for an Effective Congress - Positions 10%
2005 National Committee for an Effective Congress - Positions 10%
2005 National Journal - Liberal on Economic Policy Score 41%
2005 National Journal - Composite Liberal Score 46%
2005 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 45%
2005 National Journal - Liberal on Foreign Policy Score 51%
2005 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 50%
2005 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 50%
2004 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 5%
2004 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 5%
2004 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 0%
2004 National Journal - Liberal on Economic Policy Score 15%
2004 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 36%
2004 National Journal - Liberal on Foreign Policy Score 51%
2004 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 0%
2004 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 0%
2003-2004 Radical Middle - Positions 5%
2003 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 20%
2003 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 20%
2003 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 0%
2003 National Committee for an Effective Congress - Positions 0%
2003 National Committee for an Effective Congress - Positions 0%
2003 National Journal - Liberal on Economic Policy Score 21%
2003 National Journal - Liberal on Foreign Policy Score 51%
2003 National Journal - Composite Liberal Score 39%
2003 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 40%
2003 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 8%
2003 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 8%
2002 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 0%
2002 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 0%
2002 National Journal - Liberal on Economic Policy Score 0%
2002 National Journal - Composite Liberal Score 29%
2002 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 32%
2002 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 0%
2002 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 0%
2001-2002 National Committee for an Effective Congress - Positions 5%
2001-2002 National Committee for an Effective Congress - Positions 5%
2001-2002 People for the American Way - Positions 6%
2001-2002 People for the American Way - Positions 6%
2001-2002 Radical Middle - Positions 10%
2001 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 0%
2001 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 0%
2001 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 0%
2001 National Committee for an Effective Congress - Positions 1%
2001 National Committee for an Effective Congress - Positions 1%
2001 National Journal - Liberal on Foreign Policy Score 29%
2001 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 35%

Marriage, Family, and Children

2006 Population Connection - Positions 0%
2005 Children's Defense Fund - Positions 0%
2005 Eagle Forum - Positions 93%
2005 Family Research Council - Positions 100%
2005 Population Connection - Positions 0%
2004 American Humane Association - Positions 11%
2004 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 92%
2004 Eagle Forum - Positions 94%
2004 Family Research Council - Positions 92%
2003-2004 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 97%
2003-2004 Children's Defense Fund - Positions 0%
2003-2004 National Parent Teacher Association - Positions 0%
2003-2004 Population Action International - Positions 0%
2003-2004 Population Connection - Positions 0%
2003 American Family Association - Positions 100%
2003 American Humane Association - Positions 11%
2003 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 95%
2003 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 92%
2003 Eagle Forum - Positions 96%
2003 Family Research Council - Positions 100%
2003 Population Action International - Positions 0%
2003 Population Connection - Positions 0%
2002 American Family Voices - Positions 0%
2002 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 100%
2002 Eagle Forum - Positions 87%
2002 Population Connection - Positions 11%
2001-2002 American Humane Association - Positions 0%
2001-2002 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 92%
2001-2002 Family Research Council - Positions 100%
2001-2002 National Parent Teacher Association - Positions 25%
2001 Children's Defense Fund - Positions 0%
2001 Family Research Council - Positions on Conservative Issues 90%
2001 National Youth Advocacy Coalition - Positions 0%
2001 Population Connection - Positions 10%

Social

2013 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions (Governors) 0%
2006 American Immigration Lawyers Association - Positions 0%
2006 Drum Major Institute for Public Policy/TheMiddleClass.org - Positions 0%
2006 Secular Coalition for America - Positions 0%
2006 The John Birch Society - Positions 70%
2006 The John Birch Society - Positions 70%
2005-2006 ACT! for America - Positions 77%
2005-2006 Campaign for America's Future - Energy Score 0%
2005-2006 Concerned Women for America - Positions 93%
2005-2006 Concerned Women for America - Positions 93%
2005-2006 Freedom Democrats - Positions on Social Issues 37%
2005-2006 Freedom Democrats - Positions on Social Issues 37%
2005 American Immigration Lawyers Association - Positions 0%
2005 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 15%
2005 Children's Defense Fund - Positions 0%
2005 Council on American-Islamic Relations - Positions 0%
2005 Drum Major Institute for Public Policy/TheMiddleClass.org - Positions 13%
2005 Eagle Forum - Positions 93%
2005 Family Research Council - Positions 100%
2005 Family Research Council - Positions 100%
2005 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 0%
2005 National Committee for an Effective Congress - Positions 10%
2005 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 45%
2005 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy Score 55%
2005 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 50%
2005 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 50%
2005 Republican Liberty Caucus - Economic Liberties Score 85%
2005 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Personal Liberties 65%
2005 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions 75%
2005 The John Birch Society - Positions 50%
2005 The John Birch Society - Positions 50%
2004 American Humane Association - Positions 11%
2004 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 5%
2004 Americans United for the Separation of Church and State - Positions 0%
2004 Christian Action Network - Lifetime Score 93%
2004 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 92%
2004 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 92%
2004 Drum Major Institute for Public Policy/TheMiddleClass.org - Positions 0%
2004 Eagle Forum - Positions 94%
2004 Family Research Council - Positions 92%
2004 Family Research Council - Positions 92%
2004 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 0%
2004 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy Score 61%
2004 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 36%
2004 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 0%
2004 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 0%
2004 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions 75%
2004 The John Birch Society - Positions (Spring) 63%
2004 The John Birch Society - Positions (Fall) 80%
2004 The John Birch Society - Positions (Fall) 80%
2004 The John Birch Society - Positions (Spring) 63%
2003-2004 ACT! for America - Positions 62.5%
2003-2004 American Muslims for Jerusalem - Positions on International Middle East Policy Advocacy -19
2003-2004 Bread for the World - Positions 25%
2003-2004 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 97%
2003-2004 Children's Defense Fund - Positions 0%
2003-2004 Concerned Women for America - Positions 95%
2003-2004 Concerned Women for America - Positions 95%
2003-2004 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 100%
2003 American Family Association - Positions 100%
2003 American Family Association - Positions 100%
2003 American Humane Association - Positions 11%
2003 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 20%
2003 Americans United for the Separation of Church and State - Positions 0%
2003 Bread for the World - Positions 0%
2003 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 95%
2003 Center for Reclaiming America - Positions 100%
2003 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 92%
2003 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 92%
2003 Concerned Women for America - Positions 92%
2003 Concerned Women for America - Positions 92%
2003 Drum Major Institute for Public Policy/TheMiddleClass.org - Positions 50%
2003 Eagle Forum - Positions 96%
2003 Family Research Council - Positions 100%
2003 Family Research Council - Positions 100%
2003 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 0%
2003 National Committee for an Effective Congress - Positions 0%
2003 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 40%
2003 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy Score 58%
2003 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 8%
2003 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 8%
2003 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 85
2003 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 85
2003 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 85
2003 The John Birch Society - Positions (Summer) 50%
2003 The John Birch Society - Positions (Summer) 50%
2002 American Immigration Lawyers Association - Positions 0%
2002 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 0%
2002 Americans United for the Separation of Church and State - Positions 0%
2002 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 100%
2002 Eagle Forum - Positions 87%
2002 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy Score 63%
2002 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 32%
2002 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 0%
2002 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 0%
2002 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 90
2002 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 90
2002 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 90
2002 The John Birch Society - Positions 55%
2002 The John Birch Society - Positions 55%
2002 Vote Hemp - Positions on Industrial Hemp Policy Fence Sitter
2001-2002 American Bar Association - Positions 0%
2001-2002 American Humane Association - Positions 0%
2001-2002 American Muslims for Jerusalem - Positions on International Middle East Policy Advocacy -13
2001-2002 Bread for the World - Positions 33%
2001-2002 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 92%
2001-2002 Concerned Women for America - Positions 93%
2001-2002 Concerned Women for America - Positions 93%
2001-2002 Family Research Council - Positions 100%
2001-2002 Family Research Council - Positions 100%
2001-2002 National Committee for an Effective Congress - Positions 5%
2001-2002 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 100%
2001-2002 People for the American Way - Positions 6%
2001 American Immigration Lawyers Association - Positions 50%
2001 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 0%
2001 Americans United for the Separation of Church and State - Positions 0%
2001 Children's Defense Fund - Positions 0%
2001 Family Research Council - Positions on Conservative Issues 90%
2001 Family Research Council - Positions on Conservative Issues 90%
2001 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 0%
2001 National Committee for an Effective Congress - Positions 1%
2001 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 35%
2001 National Youth Advocacy Coalition - Positions 0%
2001 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions 82%
2001 The John Birch Society - Positions 75%
2001 The John Birch Society - Positions 75%
1995-2004 American Immigration Lawyers Association - Positions 10%

Women

2013 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions (Governors) 0%
2005-2006 American Association of University Women - Positions 30%
2005-2006 Concerned Women for America - Positions 93%
2005 American Association of University Women - Positions 33%
2005 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 0%
2005 National Organization for Women - Positions 29%
2004 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 0%
2004 United States Women's Chamber of Commerce - Positions 50%
2003-2004 American Association of University Women - Positions 0%
2003-2004 Business and Professional Women USA - Positions 46%
2003-2004 Concerned Women for America - Positions 95%
2003-2004 Federally Employed Women - Positions 0%
2003-2004 Women's Action for New Directions (WAND) and-WILL - Positions 8%
2003 American Association of University Women - Positions 0%
2003 American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists - Positions 100%
2003 Business and Professional Women USA - Positions 29%
2003 Concerned Women for America - Positions 92%
2003 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 0%
2002 American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists - Positions 100%
2001-2002 American Association of University Women - Positions 0%
2001-2002 Business and Professional Women USA - Positions 0%
2001-2002 Concerned Women for America - Positions 93%
2001-2002 Women's Action for New Directions (WAND) and-WILL - Positions 4%
2001 American Association of University Women - Positions 0%
2001 American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists - Positions 25%
2001 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 0%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Project Vote Smart displays all known interest group ratings for each candidate and official, regardless of issue or bias.

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.

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