Representative Marcia L. Fudge's Special Interest Group Ratings

Office: U.S. House (OH) - District 11, Democratic
On The Ballot: Running, Democratic for U.S. House - District 11
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Business and Consumers

2013-2014 Associated General Contractors of America - Lifetime Scores (Other) 100% 2013-2014 Associated General Contractors of America - Lifetime Scores (Environment) 50% 2013-2014 Associated General Contractors of America - Lifetime Scores (Labor) 0% 2013-2014 Associated General Contractors of America - Positions 45% 2013-2014 Associated General Contractors of America - Lifetime Scores (Infrastructure) 80% 2013-2014 Associated General Contractors of America - Lifetime Scores (Taxes) 25% 2013-2014 Associated General Contractors of America - Lifetime Scores 44% 2013-2014 International Warehouse Logistics Association - Positions 100% 2013-2014 National Association of Manufacturers - Positions 29% 2013-2014 National Electrical Contractors Association - Positions (Interim Mid-Year) 59% 2013-2014 National Retail Federation - Positions: Healthcare (House Only) 0% 2013-2014 National Retail Federation - Positions: Budget/Tax 0% 2013-2014 National Retail Federation - Positions: Labor 50% 2013-2014 National Small Business Association - Positions 30 2013-2014 The National Lumber and Building Material Dealers Association - Positions 22 2013 National Electrical Contractors Association - Positions 73% 2013 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 0% 2013 The National Lumber and Building Material Dealers Association - Positions 0% 2013 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 38% 2013 United States Chamber of Commerce - Lifetime Score 25% 2012 National Association of Manufacturers - Positions of 112th Congress 14% 2012 National Electrical Contractors Association - Positions 50% 2012 United States Chamber of Commerce - Lifetime Score 22% 2012 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 17% 2011-2012 American Council of Engineering Companies - Positions 45 2011-2012 Independent Electrical Contractors - Positions (House) 0% 2011-2012 International Warehouse Logistics Association - Positions 0 2011-2012 National Association of Manufacturers - Positions 16% 2011-2012 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 0% 2011-2012 National Retail Federation - Positions: International Trade 0% 2011-2012 National Stone, Sand & Gravel Association - Positions 26% 2011-2012 Plumbing-Heating-Cooling Contractors-National Association - Positions 10% 2011-2012 Small Business & Entrepreneurship Council - Positions 20% 2011 National Electrical Contractors Association - Positions (House Only) 0% 2011 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 0% 2011 National Retail Federation - Positions 0% 2011 National Small Business Association - Positions 33% 2011 National Stone, Sand & Gravel Association - Positions 20% 2011 The National Lumber and Building Material Dealers Association - Positions 0% 2011 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 13% 2010 The National Lumber and Building Material Dealers Association - Positions 25% 2010 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 25% 2009-2010 American Council of Engineering Companies - Positions 78% 2009-2010 Associated General Contractors of America - Positions 50% 2009-2010 Independent Electrical Contractors - Positions 25% 2009-2010 International Warehouse Logistics Association - Positions 26% 2009-2010 National Association for the Self-Employed - U.S. House Score 100% 2009-2010 National Association of Manufacturers - Positions 39% 2009-2010 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 43% 2009-2010 National Retail Federation - Positions 0% 2009-2010 National Stone, Sand & Gravel Association - Positions 55% 2009-2010 Small Business & Entrepreneurship Council - Positions 5% 2009 Heritage Alliance - Positions 5% 2009 The National Lumber and Building Material Dealers Association - Positions 20% 2009 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 33% 2007-2008 National Retail Federation - Positions Retail Industry Advocacy 0%

Civil Liberties and Civil Rights

2014 American Civil Liberties Union - Positions (captured June 17, 2014) 64% 2014 American Civil Liberties Union - Positions (captured January 3, 2014) 50% 2014 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Positions 50% 2014 Hispanic Federation, LCLAA, LULAC, Mi Familia Vota, NCLR, and Voto Latino - National Immigration Scorecard 100% 2014 Human Rights Campaign - Positions on Marriage 100% 2014 National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) - Positions 100% 2014 National Council of La Raza - Positions (Preliminary) 100% 2013 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Positions 50% 2013 Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights - Positions 100% 2012 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 100% 2012 Drum Major Institute for Public Policy/TheMiddleClass.org - Positions 86% 2012 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Positions 73% 2012 Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights - Total Score 95% 2012 Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights - Positions on Civil Rights 100% 2011-2012 American Civil Liberties Union - Positions 100% 2011-2012 Human Rights Campaign - Positions 100% 2011-2012 United States Campaign to End the Israeli Occupation - Positions on International Middle East Human Rights 44% 2011 American Civil Liberties Union - Positions (House Only) 100% 2011 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 95% 2011 Drum Major Institute for Public Policy/TheMiddleClass.org - Positions 100% 2011 National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) 100% 2010 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 95% 2009-2010 American Civil Liberties Union - Positions 100% 2009-2010 Human Rights Campaign - Positions 97% 2009-2010 Irregular Times/Progressive Patriots/That's My Congress - Progressive Action Score 56% 2009-2010 Irregular Times/Progressive Patriots/That's My Congress - Net Congressional Score 75% 2009-2010 Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights - Positions 100% 2009-2010 National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) - Positions 100% 2009-2010 United States Campaign to End the Israeli Occupation - Positions on International Middle East Human Rights -3% 2009 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 100% 2009 Irregular Times/Progressive Patriots/That's My Congress - Regressive Action Score 5% 2009 National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) - Positions 100% 2009 United States Campaign to End the Israeli Occupation - Positions on International Middle East Human Rights -2% 2006-2012 Global Exchange - Percent Loyalty to Finance, Insurance, Real Estate Lobby 0%

Conservative

2014 Americans for Prosperity - Lifetime Score (June 23, 2014) 8% 2014 Americans for Prosperity - Positions (June 23, 2014) 17% 2014 Americans for Prosperity - Positions (Jan. 7, 2014) 20% 2014 Americans for Prosperity - Lifetime Score 9% 2014 Heritage Action for America - Positions (Jan. 9, 2014) 24% 2014 The John Birch Society - Positions 30% 2014 The John Birch Society - Lifetime Score 20% 2013-2014 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 0% 2013-2014 Eagle Forum - Positions 0% 2013-2014 The New American - Positions (captured September 2, 2014) 30% 2013 American Conservative Union - Positions 17% 2013 American Conservative Union - Lifetime Score 5% 2013 Concerned Women for America - Positions 0% 2013 Eagle Forum - Positions 0% 2013 National Journal - Conservative (Composite) 28% 2013 National Journal - Conservative on Economic Policy 25% 2013 National Journal - Conservative on Foreign Policy 23% 2013 The John Birch Society - Positions 20% 2013 The New American - Positions on Conservative Issues 30 2012 American Conservative Union - Lifetime Score 2% 2012 American Conservative Union - Ratings of Congress 0% 2012 Eagle Forum - Positions 0% 2012 National Journal - House Conservative (Foreign) 0% 2012 National Journal - House Conservative (Composite Score) 8% 2012 The Club for Growth - Positions 11% 2012 The John Birch Society - Positions 27% 2011-2012 Americans for Prosperity - Lifetime score 4% 2011-2012 Americans for Prosperity - Positions 14% 2011-2012 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 0% 2011-2012 Concerned Women for America - Positions 3% 2011-2012 Heritage Action for America - Positions 14% 2011 American Conservative Union - Lifetime Score 3% 2011 American Conservative Union - Positions 8% 2011 Concerned Women for America - Positions 3% 2011 Eagle Forum - Positions 23% 2011 Heritage Action for America - Positions (House Only) 0% 2011 National Journal - Conservative Composite Score 13% 2011 National Journal - Conservative on Foreign Policy Score 18% 2011 National Journal - Liberal on Foreign Policy Score 82% 2011 The John Birch Society - Positions (Summer-Fall) 21% 2011 The John Birch Society - Positions (Spring-Summer) 11% 2011 The New American - Positions on Conservative Issues 21% 2010 American Conservative Union - Lifetime Score 1% 2010 American Conservative Union - Positions 4% 2010 Eagle Forum - Positions 11% 2010 National Journal - Conservative Composite Score 17% 2010 National Journal - Conservative on Foreign Policy Score 3% 2010 The John Birch Society - Positions (May 2010 - September 2010) 20% 2009-2010 Americans for Prosperity - Positions 0% 2009-2010 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 0% 2009-2010 Concerned Women for America - Positions 0% 2009-2010 The John Birch Society - Positions (Full Session) 10% 2009-2010 The John Birch Society - Positions (January 2009 - June 2010 7% 2009-2010 The John Birch Society - Positions (November 2009 - June 2010) 10% 2009 American Conservative Union - Positions 0% 2009 American Conservative Union - Lifetime Score 0% 2009 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 0% 2009 Eagle Forum - Positions 0% 2009 National Journal - Conservative on Foreign Policy Score 15% 2009 National Journal - Composite Conservative Score 9% 2009 The John Birch Society - Positions (Full Year) 5% 2009 The John Birch Society - Positions (June 2009 - November 2009) 0% 2009 The John Birch Society - Positions (January 2009 - June 2009) 10% 2008 American Conservative Union - Positions 0% 2001-2010 Keep America Safe - Positions 8%

Environment

2014 National Parks Conservation Association - Positions 100% 2013 Defenders of Wildlife Action Fund - Positions 100% 2013 Environment America - Positions 100% 2013 Food Policy Action - Positions 92% 2013 League of Conservation Voters - Lifetime Score 92% 2013 League of Conservation Voters - Positions 89% 2012 League of Conservation Voters - Lifetime Score 93% 2012 League of Conservation Voters - Positions 86% 2012 Sierra Club - Positions on Clean water (House Only) 93% 2011-2012 Defenders of Wildlife Action Fund - Positions 100% 2011-2012 Environment America - Positions 100% 2011-2012 Food Policy Action - Positions 69% 2011-2012 League of Conservation Voters - Session Score 91% 2011-2012 National Parks Conservation Association - Positions (House Only) 86% 2011 Environment America - Positions 96% 2011 League of Conservation Voters - Positions 97% 2011 League of Conservation Voters - Lifetime Score 97% 2011 Sierra Club - Positions on Clean Water (House Only) 100% 2011 Women's Action for New Directions (WAND) and-WILL - Positions (House Only) 85 2010-2011 Defenders of Wildlife Action Fund - Positions 100% 2010 League of Conservation Voters - Positions 100% 2010 League of Conservation Voters - Lifetime Score 96% 2009-2010 Defenders of Wildlife Action Fund - Positions 100% 2009-2010 League of Conservation Voters - Positions 96% 2009-2010 National Parks Conservation Association - Positions 83% 2009 Defenders of Wildlife Action Fund - Positions 100% 2009 Environment America - Positions 83% 2009 League of Conservation Voters - Positions 93% 2006-2012 Global Exchange - Percent Loyalty to Finance, Insurance, Real Estate Lobby 0%

Fiscally Conservative

2014 Americans for Prosperity - Positions (June 23, 2014) 17% 2014 Americans for Prosperity - Lifetime Score 9% 2014 Americans for Prosperity - Positions (Jan. 7, 2014) 20% 2014 Americans for Prosperity - Lifetime Score (June 23, 2014) 8% 2014 Competitive Enterprise Institute - Positions 0 2014 Heritage Action for America - Positions (Jan. 9, 2014) 24% 2013 Competitive Enterprise Institute - Workplace Choice (August, 2013) 0% 2013 FreedomWorks - Positions 35% 2013 The Club for Growth - Positions (lifetime) 11% 2013 The Club for Growth - Positions 20% 2012 FreedomWorks - Positions 16% 2012 National Journal - House Conservative (Economic) 12% 2012 National Taxpayers Union - Positions on Tax and Spending 13% 2011-2012 Americans for Prosperity - Positions 14% 2011-2012 Americans for Prosperity - Lifetime score 4% 2011-2012 Heritage Action for America - Positions 14% 2011-2012 Irregular Times/Progressive Patriots/That's My Congress - Net Congressional Score 77% 2011 FreedomWorks - Positions 5% 2011 Heritage Action for America - Positions (House Only) 0% 2011 National Journal - Conservative on Economic Policy Score 12% 2011 National Taxpayers Union - Positions on Tax and Spending 15% 2011 The Club for Growth - Positions 19% 2010 FreedomWorks - Positions 11% 2010 National Journal - Conservative on Economic Policy Score 18% 2010 National Journal - Liberal on Economic Policy Score 80% 2010 The Club for Growth - Positions 3% 2009-2010 Americans for Prosperity - Positions 0% 2009-2010 National Tax Limitation Committee - Positions 0% 2009 FreedomWorks - Positions 0% 2009 Heritage Alliance - Positions 5% 2009 National Journal - Conservative on Economic Policy Score 0% 2009 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 1% 2009 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Personal Liberties 15% 2009 Republican Liberty Caucus - Economic Liberties Score 0% 2009 The Club for Growth - Positions 0%

Foreign Affairs

2014 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Positions 50% 2014 Peace Action West - Positions (June 3, 2014) 83% 2013-2014 Council for a Livable World - Positions (House) 60% 2013 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Positions 50% 2013 National Journal - Conservative on Foreign Policy 23% 2013 Peace Action West - Positions (Nov. 20, 2013) 83% 2012 Arab American Institute - Positions on Arab-American Issues 13% 2012 Armenian National Committee of America - Positions 38% 2012 Citizens for Global Solutions - Global Issues Score 92% 2012 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Positions 73% 2012 National Journal - House Liberal (Foreign) 93% 2012 Peace Action - Positions 86% 2011-2012 ACT! for America - Positions 42% 2011-2012 American Security Council Foundation - Positions 0% 2011-2012 PeacePAC - Positions (PeacePAC is sister organization of Council for a Livable World rating House Only) 100% 2011-2012 United States Campaign to End the Israeli Occupation - Positions on International Middle East Human Rights 44% 2011-2012 USA Engage - Positions 38% 2011 American Security Council Foundation - Positions 22% 2011 Arab American Institute - Positions on Arab-American Issues 25% 2011 Citizens for Global Solutions - Global Issues Score 91% 2011 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Positions 67% 2011 National Journal - Conservative on Foreign Policy Score 18% 2011 National Journal - Liberal on Foreign Policy Score 82% 2011 Peace Action West - Positions 81% 2010 American Security Council Foundation - Positions 20% 2010 Citizens for Global Solutions - Global Issues Score A 2010 Latin America Working Group - Positions (House only) 25% 2010 National Journal - Liberal on Foreign Policy Score 92% 2010 National Journal - Conservative on Foreign Policy Score 3% 2010 Peace Action - Positions 63% 2010 Peace Action West - Positions 63% 2009-2010 ACT! for America - Positions 40% 2009-2010 Council for a Livable World - Positions 66% 2009-2010 PeacePAC - Positions (PeacePAC is sister organization of Council for a Livable World rating House Only) 66% 2009-2010 United States Campaign to End the Israeli Occupation - Positions on International Middle East Human Rights -3% 2009-2010 USA Engage - Positions 40% 2009-2010 Washington Report on Middle East Affairs (WRMEA) - Positions 30% 2009 American Security Council Foundation - Positions 50% 2009 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Positions 36% 2009 Latin America Working Group - Positions 25% 2009 National Journal - Liberal on Foreign Policy Score 84% 2009 National Journal - Conservative on Foreign Policy Score 15% 2009 NewPolicy.org - Positions on International Middle East Policy Advocacy 0% 2009 Peace Action West - Positions 62% 2009 Resolve Uganda - Lifetime Score 0% 2009 United States Campaign to End the Israeli Occupation - Positions on International Middle East Human Rights -2% 2008 Resolve Uganda - Lifetime Score F 2007-2009 Citizens for Global Solutions - Global Issues Score A 2006-2012 Global Exchange - Percent Loyalty to Finance, Insurance, Real Estate Lobby 0%

Health and Health Care

2014 Alzheimer's Impact Movement - Positions 0% 2014 American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists - Positions (House Only) 0 2014 National Right to Life Committee - Positions (June 4, 2014) 0% 2014 Planned Parenthood Action Fund - Positions (June 27, 2014) 100% 2014 Planned Parenthood Action Fund - Positions captured January 9, 2014 (reflect past 6 years' voting record) 100% 2013-2014 National Breast Cancer Coalition - Positions 100% 2013 American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists - Positions (House Only) 0 2013 American Public Health Association - Positions 100% 2013 American Veterinary Medical Assoctiation - Positions on Professional Advocacy 0% 2013 Food Policy Action - Positions 92% 2013 National Right to Life Committee - Positions (Jan. 14, 2014) 0% 2013 Planned Parenthood Action Fund - Positions captured February, 2013 (reflect voting records of past 6 years) 100% 2012 AIDS Drug Assistance Program (ADAP) Advocacy Association - Positions 25% 2012 Planned Parenthood Action Fund - Positions captured June, 2012 (reflect voting records of past 6 years) 100% 2011-2012 Food Policy Action - Positions 69% 2011-2012 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 0% 2011 AIDS Drug Assistance Program (ADAP) Advocacy Association - Positions 33% 2011 American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists - Positions (House Only) 100% 2011 American Nurses Association - Positions 100% 2011 American Veterinary Medical Assoctiation - Positions on Professional Advocacy 50% 2011 Association of University Centers on Disabilities - Positions 75% 2011 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 0% 2011 The Children's Health Fund - Positions (House Only) 100% 2010 American Public Health Association - Positions 100% 2010 American Society for Radiation Oncology - U.S. House Score 0% 2010 National Association of Social Workers - House of Representatives Score 100% 2010 Planned Parenthood Action Fund - Positions 100% 2009-2010 Alzheimer's Impact Movement - Positions 67% 2009-2010 American Hospital Association - Positions 75% 2009-2010 National Breast Cancer Coalition - Positions 50% 2009-2010 National Family Planning & Reproductive Health Association - House of Representatives Score 100% 2009-2010 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 16% 2009-2010 St. Joseph Health System - Positions 100% 2009 AIDS Drug Assistance Program (ADAP) Advocacy Association - Positions on AIDS Drug Assistance 40% 2009 American Nurses Association - Positions 100% 2009 American Public Health Association - Positions 100% 2009 American Society for Radiation Oncology - Positions 100% 2009 Association of University Centers on Disabilities - Positions 87% 2009 National Association of Social Workers - Positions 100% 2009 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 0% 2009 The Children's Health Fund - Positions 66% 2008 American Public Health Association - Positions 0%

Immigration

2014 Federation for American Immigration Reform - Positions 0% 2014 Hispanic Federation, LCLAA, LULAC, Mi Familia Vota, NCLR, and Voto Latino - National Immigration Scorecard 100% 2014 National Council of La Raza - Positions (Preliminary) 100% 2014 NumbersUSA [Americans for Better Immigration] - Overall Score (Jan. 7, 2014) 21% 2012 Arab American Institute - Positions on Arab-American Issues 13% 2012 The American Hellenic Educational Progressive Association - Legislation Evaluation (House Only) 0% 2011-2012 Americans for Better Immigration - Positions 21% 2011-2012 The American Hellenic Educational Progressive Association - Positions 0% 2011-2012 The Public Affairs Alliance of Iranian Americans - Positions 50% 2011 Arab American Institute - Positions on Arab-American Issues 25% 2009-2013 NumbersUSA [Americans for Better Immigration] - Positions - Overall (Feb 11, 2013) 8% 2009-2013 NumbersUSA [Americans for Better Immigration] - Positions - Reduce Illegal Jobs and Presence (Feb 11, 2013) 18% 2009-2013 NumbersUSA [Americans for Better Immigration] - Positions - Reduce Amnesty Enticements (Feb 11, 2013) 0% 2009-2013 NumbersUSA [Americans for Better Immigration] - Positions - Reduce Illegal Immigration at the Border (Feb 11, 2013) 25% 2009-2013 NumbersUSA [Americans for Better Immigration] - Positions - Reduce Unnecessary Foreign Workers (Feb 11, 2013) 0% 2009-2010 American Immigration Lawyers Association - U.S. House Score 100% 2009-2010 Federation for American Immigration Reform - Positions 0% 2009-2010 The American Hellenic Educational Progressive Association - Positions 23% 2009-2010 United States English - U.S. House Score 17% 2007-2010 National Latino Congreso/William C. Velásquez Institute - Positions 100% 1989-2013 NumbersUSA [Americans for Better Immigration] - Reduce Visa Lottery - Career (Feb 11, 2013) % 1989-2013 NumbersUSA [Americans for Better Immigration] - Reduce Anchor Baby Citizenship - Career (Feb 11, 2013) % 1989-2013 NumbersUSA [Americans for Better Immigration] - Reduce Chain Migration - Career (Feb 11, 2013) % 1989-2013 NumbersUSA [Americans for Better Immigration] - Reduce Illegal Immigration at the Border - Career (Feb 11, 2013) % 1989-2013 NumbersUSA [Americans for Better Immigration] - Reduce Illegal Immigration Rewards - Career (Feb 11, 2013) % 1989-2013 NumbersUSA [Americans for Better Immigration] - Reduce Illegal Jobs and Presence - Career (Feb 11, 2013) % 1989-2013 NumbersUSA [Americans for Better Immigration] - Overall - Career (Feb 11, 2013) 8%

Labor Unions

2014 United Food & Commercial Workers - Positions 100% 2013-2014 International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers - Positions (House) 100% 2013-2014 Workplace Choice - Positions 0 2013 American Federation of Government Employees - Positions 100% 2013 American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) - Positions 100% 2013 American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) - Lifetime Score 98% 2013 International Brotherhood of Boilermakers - Positions 100% 2013 International Foodservice Distributors Association - Positions 0% 2012 American Federation of Government Employees - Positions 100 2012 American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) - Positions 95% 2012 American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) - Lifetime Score 98% 2012 International Brotherhood of Boilermakers - Positions 94% 2012 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 100% 2011-2012 American Federation of Teachers - Positions 100% 2011-2012 International Foodservice Distributors Association - Positions (House) 0% 2011-2012 United Food & Commercial Workers - Positions 100% 2011 American Federation of Government Employees - Positions 100% 2011 American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) - Positions 100% 2011 American Federation of State, County & Municipal Employees (AFSCME) - Positions 100% 2011 American Federation of State, County & Municipal Employees (AFSCME) - Lifetime Score 100% 2011 International Brotherhood of Boilermakers - Positions 71% 2010 American Federation of Government Employees - Positions 93% 2010 American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) - Positions 92% 2010 American Federation of State, County & Municipal Employees (AFSCME) - Positions 100% 2010 International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers - Positions 100% 2010 International Brotherhood of Boilermakers - House of Representatives Score 100% 2009-2010 Communications Workers of America - Positions 100% 2009-2010 International Brotherhood of Teamsters - Positions 93% 2009-2010 International Foodservice Distributors Association - Positions 0% 2009-2010 National Farmers Union - Positions 100% 2009-2010 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 96% 2009 American Federation of Government Employees - Positions 92% 2009 American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) - Positions 100% 2009 American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) - Lifetime Score 100% 2009 American Federation of State, County & Municipal Employees (AFSCME) - Positions 100% 2009 International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers - Positions 100% 2009 International Brotherhood of Boilermakers - Positions 100% 2009 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 100% 2009 United Auto Workers - Positions 100% 2009 Women Employed - Positions 50% 2008 American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) - Positions 100% 2008 American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) - Lifetime Score 100% 2008 International Brotherhood of Boilermakers - Positions 0%

Religion

2014 Americans United for the Separation of Church and State - Positions (House Only) 0% 2014 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Positions 50% 2014 The John Birch Society - Lifetime Score 20% 2014 The John Birch Society - Positions 30% 2013-2014 CitizenLink - Positions (House Only) 0% 2013 Americans United for the Separation of Church and State - Positions 100% 2013 Bread for the World - Positions 80% 2013 Concerned Women for America - Positions 0% 2013 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Positions 50% 2013 Secular Coalition for America - Congressional Positions 64% 2013 The John Birch Society - Positions 20% 2013 Young Women's Christian Association (YWCA) - Positions 66% 2012 Bread for the World - Positions 100% 2012 Catholic Advocate - Positions 0% 2012 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Positions 73% 2012 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 90% 2012 Open Doors USA - Positions 50% 2012 The John Birch Society - Positions 27% 2011-2012 ACT! for America - Positions 42% 2011-2012 Concerned Women for America - Positions 3% 2011 Americans United for the Separation of Church and State - Positions (House Only) 100% 2011 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 0% 2011 Concerned Women for America - Positions 3% 2011 Family Research Council - Positions 10% 2011 Secular Coalition for America - Congressional Positions 57% 2011 The John Birch Society - Positions (Summer-Fall) 21% 2011 The John Birch Society - Positions (Spring-Summer) 11% 2010 Ohio Christian Alliance - Positions 12% 2010 The John Birch Society - Positions (May 2010 - September 2010) 20% 2009-2010 ACT! for America - Positions 40% 2009-2010 American Family Association - Positions 5% 2009-2010 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 10% 2009-2010 Concerned Women for America - Positions 0% 2009-2010 Family Research Council - Positions 6% 2009-2010 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 100% 2009-2010 St. Joseph Health System - Positions 100% 2009-2010 The John Birch Society - Positions (Full Session) 10% 2009-2010 The John Birch Society - Positions (January 2009 - June 2010 7% 2009-2010 The John Birch Society - Positions (November 2009 - June 2010) 10% 2009 Heritage Alliance - Positions 5% 2009 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 100% 2009 The John Birch Society - Positions (June 2009 - November 2009) 0% 2009 The John Birch Society - Positions (January 2009 - June 2009) 10% 2009 The John Birch Society - Positions (Full Year) 5%

Socially Conservative

2014 Heritage Action for America - Positions (Jan. 9, 2014) 24% 2014 Heritage Action for America - Positions (Jan. 9, 2014) 24% 2014 The John Birch Society - Lifetime Score 20% 2014 The John Birch Society - Positions 30% 2014 The John Birch Society - Positions 30% 2014 The John Birch Society - Lifetime Score 20% 2013-2014 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 0% 2013-2014 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 0% 2013-2014 Eagle Forum - Positions 0% 2013-2014 Eagle Forum - Positions 0% 2013 Concerned Women for America - Positions 0% 2013 Concerned Women for America - Positions 0% 2013 Eagle Forum - Positions 0% 2013 Eagle Forum - Positions 0% 2013 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy 35% 2013 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy 35% 2013 The John Birch Society - Positions 20% 2013 The John Birch Society - Positions 20% 2012 Catholic Advocate - Positions 0% 2012 Catholic Advocate - Positions 0% 2012 Eagle Forum - Positions 0% 2012 Eagle Forum - Positions 0% 2012 Family Research Council - Positions 0% 2012 Family Research Council - Positions 0% 2012 National Journal - House Conservative (Social) 0% 2012 National Journal - House Conservative (Social) 0% 2012 The John Birch Society - Positions 27% 2012 The John Birch Society - Positions 27% 2011-2012 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 0% 2011-2012 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 0% 2011-2012 Concerned Women for America - Positions 3% 2011-2012 Concerned Women for America - Positions 3% 2011-2012 Heritage Action for America - Positions 14% 2011-2012 Heritage Action for America - Positions 14% 2011-2012 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 0% 2011-2012 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 0% 2011 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 0% 2011 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 0% 2011 Concerned Women for America - Positions 3% 2011 Concerned Women for America - Positions 3% 2011 Eagle Forum - Positions 23% 2011 Eagle Forum - Positions 23% 2011 Family Research Council - Positions 10% 2011 Family Research Council - Positions 10% 2011 Heritage Action for America - Positions (House Only) 0% 2011 Heritage Action for America - Positions (House Only) 0% 2011 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy Score 20% 2011 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy Score 20% 2011 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 0% 2011 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 0% 2011 The John Birch Society - Positions (Spring-Summer) 11% 2011 The John Birch Society - Positions (Summer-Fall) 21% 2011 The John Birch Society - Positions (Spring-Summer) 11% 2011 The John Birch Society - Positions (Summer-Fall) 21% 2010 Eagle Forum - Positions 11% 2010 Eagle Forum - Positions 11% 2010 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy Score 25% 2010 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy Score 25% 2010 Ohio Christian Alliance - Positions 12% 2010 Ohio Christian Alliance - Positions 12% 2010 The John Birch Society - Positions (May 2010 - September 2010) 20% 2010 The John Birch Society - Positions (May 2010 - September 2010) 20% 2009-2010 American Family Association - Positions 5% 2009-2010 American Family Association - Positions 5% 2009-2010 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 0% 2009-2010 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 0% 2009-2010 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 10% 2009-2010 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 10% 2009-2010 Concerned Women for America - Positions 0% 2009-2010 Concerned Women for America - Positions 0% 2009-2010 Family Research Council - Positions 6% 2009-2010 Family Research Council - Positions 6% 2009-2010 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 16% 2009-2010 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 16% 2009-2010 The John Birch Society - Positions (November 2009 - June 2010) 10% 2009-2010 The John Birch Society - Positions (Full Session) 10% 2009-2010 The John Birch Society - Positions (November 2009 - June 2010) 10% 2009-2010 The John Birch Society - Positions (January 2009 - June 2010 7% 2009-2010 The John Birch Society - Positions (Full Session) 10% 2009-2010 The John Birch Society - Positions (January 2009 - June 2010 7% 2009 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 0% 2009 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 0% 2009 Eagle Forum - Positions 0% 2009 Eagle Forum - Positions 0% 2009 Heritage Alliance - Positions 5% 2009 Heritage Alliance - Positions 5% 2009 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy Score 0% 2009 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy Score 0% 2009 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 0% 2009 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 0% 2009 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Personal Liberties 15% 2009 Republican Liberty Caucus - Economic Liberties Score 0% 2009 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Personal Liberties 15% 2009 Republican Liberty Caucus - Economic Liberties Score 0% 2009 The John Birch Society - Positions (June 2009 - November 2009) 0% 2009 The John Birch Society - Positions (January 2009 - June 2009) 10% 2009 The John Birch Society - Positions (Full Year) 5% 2009 The John Birch Society - Positions (June 2009 - November 2009) 0% 2009 The John Birch Society - Positions (January 2009 - June 2009) 10% 2009 The John Birch Society - Positions (Full Year) 5%

Socially Liberal

2013-2014 Irregular Times/Progressive Patriots/That's My Congress - Net Congressional Score (Jan. 13, 2014) 85% 2013-2014 Irregular Times/Progressive Patriots/That's My Congress - Net Congressional Score (Jan. 13, 2014) 85% 2013-2014 Progressive Punch - Crucial Votes 87% 2013-2014 Progressive Punch - Lifetime Score 96% 2013-2014 Progressive Punch - Lifetime Score 96% 2013-2014 Progressive Punch - Overall Positions 93% 2013-2014 Progressive Punch - Overall Positions 93% 2013-2014 Progressive Punch - Crucial Votes 87% 2013-2014 Progressive Punch - Crucial Votes Lifetime Score 91% 2013-2014 Progressive Punch - Crucial Votes Lifetime Score 91% 2013 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy 65% 2013 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy 65% 2012 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 100% 2012 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 100% 2012 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 100% 2012 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 100% 2012 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 90% 2012 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 90% 2011-2012 Irregular Times/Progressive Patriots/That's My Congress - Conservative Action Score 11% 2011-2012 Irregular Times/Progressive Patriots/That's My Congress - Conservative Action Score 11% 2011-2012 Irregular Times/Progressive Patriots/That's My Congress - Liberal Action Score 65% 2011-2012 Irregular Times/Progressive Patriots/That's My Congress - Liberal Action Score 65% 2011-2012 Irregular Times/Progressive Patriots/That's My Congress - Net Congressional Score 77% 2011-2012 Irregular Times/Progressive Patriots/That's My Congress - Net Congressional Score 77% 2011 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 95% 2011 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 95% 2011 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 100% 2011 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 100% 2011 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy 80% 2011 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy 80% 2010 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 95% 2010 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 95% 2010 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 100% 2010 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 100% 2010 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy 71% 2010 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy 71% 2009-2010 Irregular Times/Progressive Patriots/That's My Congress - Regressive Action Score 7 2009-2010 Irregular Times/Progressive Patriots/That's My Congress - Regressive Action Score 7 2009-2010 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 100% 2009-2010 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 100% 2009 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 100% 2009 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 100% 2009 Irregular Times/Progressive Patriots/That's My Congress - Progressive Action Score 52% 2009 Irregular Times/Progressive Patriots/That's My Congress - Progressive Action Score 52% 2009 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 100% 2009 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 100% 2009 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 89% 2009 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 89% 2009 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 100% 2009 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 100%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Project Vote Smart displays all known interest group ratings for each candidate and official, regardless of issue or bias.

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.