May 31, 2012(Key vote)
Title: Prenatal Nondiscrimination Act (PRENDA) of 2012
Vote Smart's Synopsis:
Vote to pass a bill that prohibits abortions based on the race or gender of the fetus.
Prohibits abortions sought due to the sex, gender, color, or race of the fetus, or the race of a parent of the fetus (Sec. 3).
Specifies that the following acts are not abortions and are exempt from the provisions of this bill (Sec. 3):
The termination of a pregnancy in order to save the life or preserve the health of the fetus;
An operation to remove a dead fetus from a spontaneous abortion; or
The removal of an ectopic pregnancy.
Specifies that any of the following individuals who knowingly terminate a pregnancy on the basis of race or gender have committed an offense punishable by a fine, 5 years in prison, or both (Sec. 3):
Any individual who performs a sex-selection or race-selection abortion;
Any individual who solicits or accepts funds to perform a sex-selection or race-selection abortion;
Any individual who coerces a pregnant woman into having a sex-selection or race selection abortion using force or the threat of force; and
Any individual who transports a pregnant woman into the United States or across a state line for the purpose of obtaining a sex-selection or race-selection abortion.
Requires the following health professionals to report known or suspected sex-selection or race-selection abortions to law enforcement (Sec. 3):
Any other medical or mental health professional.
Specifies that a health professional who fails to report a known or suspected sex-selection or race-selection abortion commits an offense punishable by a fine, 1 year in prison, or both (Sec. 3).
Authorizes the woman upon whom the sex-selection or race-selection abortion is performed, the father of the fetus, or the maternal grandparents of the fetus to bring civil action against the health professional that preformed the sex-selection or race-selection abortion (Sec. 3).
Exempts the woman upon whom a sex-selection or race-selection abortion is performed from prosecution or civil liability (Sec. 3).
NOTE: THIS VOTE WAS TAKEN UNDER A SUSPENSION OF THE RULES TO CUT OFF DEBATE EARLY AND VOTE TO PASS THE BILL, THEREBY REQUIRING A TWO-THIRDS MAJORITY FOR PASSAGE.